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School Days: The Residential School Experience

School Days: The Residential School Experience

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A Truth and Reconciliation Commission report on residential schools.
A Truth and Reconciliation Commission report on residential schools.

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Published by: Lawrence J. Barkwell on Mar 07, 2014
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/07/2014

 
:9
 Irrnvic= –Kdw ydu irg kd cdk`gr ik Nklnik.‟
Nk tbg 9><6s, rgsnlgktnic shbddcs ihrdss tbg Hikilnik Vrinrngs wducl sgkl dut jittgrgl truhas td hdccght stu-lgkts dk tbg ﬉rst liy de shbddc. \bg pirgkts de hbnclrgk ittgklnk` tbg Cgstdha shbddc nk Xisaithbgwik wducl jrnk` tbgnr hbnclrgk td hdccghtndk pdnkts, detgk tbg cdhic eiro nkstruhtdr„s de﬉hg, wbgrg tbgy wducl wint edr tbg truha. Ihhdrlnk` td @gdr`g Vggquiquit, –\bg snzg de tbg `rdup nkhrgisgl is wg wgkt erdo rgsgrvg td rgsgrvg. Nt wis kdt ukhdoodk td bivg up td edrty hbnclrgk rik`nk` nk i`g erdo ﬉vg td snxtggk pncgl nk tbg jiha de tbg truha.‟
9
 Nk gir-cngr lghilgs, prngsts ikl onknstgrs bil jrdu`bt stulgkts td shbddc dk wi`dk dr jy jdit. Nk citgr ygirs, tbgy hiog jy trink dr gvgk pcikg. Egw stulgkts gvgr edr`dt tbgnr ﬉rst liy it shbddc.Dk irrnvic, oiky stulgkts wgrg dvgrwbgcogl jy tbg sn`bt de tbg rgsnlgktnic shbddc junclnk`. Xnodk Jiagr wis gxhntgl jy tbg nopdsnk` Cyttdk, Jrntnsb Hdcuojni, shbddc junclnk`.
:
 Zipbigc Nrdkstikl tbdu`bt tbg Issnknjdni shbddc nk Pnkknpg` –sggogl gkdrodus, wntb oirjcgl ﬊ddrs ikl hgncnk`s, ikl biccwiys ijdut twd buklrgl eggt cdk`. Nt sogccgl strdk`cy de lnsnkeghtikt, ikl dur vdnhgs
HBIV\GZ \PD Xhbddc Liys= \bg Zgsnlgktnic Xhbddc Gxpgrngkhg
@nrcs it tbg @drldk„s shbddc nk Xisaithbgwik jgnk` trikspdrtgl td hburhb jy truha nk 9>78.
\bg @gkgric Xykdl Irhbnvgs, Ik`cnhik Hburhb de Hikili, O:662-96 (V9<).
 
      
Hbircng Jn`akneg rghiccgl jgnk` tdcl, ietgr bns binr bil jggk sbgirgl dee it tbg Encg Bnccs shbddc nk Xisaithbgwik, –Kdw ydu irg kd cdk`gr ik Nklnik.‟
99
Xtulgkts wgrg `nvgk i kgw wirlrdjg“detgk usgl ikl ncc-﬉ttnk`.
9:
 Gvgk tbdu`b bgr `riklodtbgr bil oilg bgr wiro wnktgr hcdtbnk`, Cnccnik Gcnis wis kdt iccdwgl td wgir nt it tbg Zdoik Hitbdcnh shbddc it Iacivna. Nkstgil, icc tbg stulgkts bil td wgir tbg siog typg de pirai. –Oiyjg,‟ sbg citgr wdk-lgrgl, –tbgy wiktgl us td lrgss cnag tbgo!‟
98
 I kgw Hbrnstnik nlgktnty rgqunrgl tbg nopdsn-tndk de kgw kiogs. \bg ﬉rst jdy Ik`cnhik onssndkiry Mdbk Pgst rghruntgl td bns shbddc it Zgl Znvgr nk 92:6, Vgoutgwntbnkgw, jghiog Miogs Bdpg.
9<
 It tbg Iacivna  Ik`cnhik shbddc nk tbg Kdrtbwgst \grrntdrngs, Oisia jghiog Icnhg“sbg wducl kdt bgir bgr dcl kiog uktnc sbg rgturkgl bdog.
97
 Hbircgs Kdwgcc `dt bns kiog –jghiusg i Xukliy shbddc tgihbgr nk Gk`cikl wiktgl Or. Bicc td `nvg og bns kiog, ikl tbgy siy tbit bg wis oy `dleitbgr  wbgk N wis jiptnzgl.
95
 Mikg Pnccns bil jggk rinsgl td ikswgr td Mikng Oittbgws, jut dk tbg rgsnlgktnic shbddc rg`nstgr it Edrt @gdr`g (kdw Hbnsisnjn), Yugjgh, sbg wis Mikng Gsqunknoiu, i knhakiog tbit jgcdk`gl td bgr `rgit-`rikleitbgr.
90
 It tbg Yu„Ippgccg shbddc nk Xisaithbgwik, Dhbikau`ibg (Vitb Oiagr) jghiog Likngc Agkkgly, kiogl edr tbg jnjcnhic Likngc, wbncg Ilîcirl Xtiklnk` Jueeicd wis kiogl edr Ilîcirl Cik`gvnk, tbg Irhbjnsbdp de Xt. Jdkneihg.
92
Kdt dkcy wgrg hbnclrgk rgkiogl, tbgy wgrg issn`kgl kuojgrs tbit hdrrgspdklgl td tbgnr hcdtbgs, tbgnr jgl, ikl tbgnr cdhagr. Nk sdog shbddcs, tbgy wgrg gxpghtgl td cnkg up ihhdrlnk` td tbgnr kuojgrs. –Pg wgrg hiccgl jy kuojgr icc tbg tnog. \bg kuks usgl td hicc, ‒8>, 8 wbgrg ghbdgl wbgk wg spdag. \bg wbdcg pcihg cddagl hdcl ikl stgrncg1 gvgk tbg wiccs wgrg hdvgrgl wntb pnhturgs de stgrk-cddank` pgdpcg nk sunts ikl stnee hdccirs.
8
 Dk bgr ﬉rst sn`bt de tbg Xbnk`wiua shbddc nk Xiuct Xtg. Oirng, Dktirnd, Mikg  Pnccns tbdu`bt, –Kdtbnk` hducl gvgr `d wrdk` nk suhb jgiutneuc surrduklnk`s.‟
<
 Drn`nkiccy noprgssgl jy tbg hbipgc it Xbujgkihilng, Nsijgccg Akdhawddl citgr hdk-hculgl nt wis –i pcihg wbgrg i cdt de hbnclrgk„s priygrs lnl kdt `gt ikswgrgl.‟
7
 Pbgk snx-ygir-dcl Iktbdky \brisbgr wis lgpdsntgl it tbg Zdoik Hitbdcnh shbddc nk Iacivna nk tbg Kdrtbwgst \grrntdrngs, bg siw tbg `rgy-bijntgl kuks, bgirl tbgnr vdnhgs hirrngl dk tbg wnkl, ikl turkgl ikl rik. Pntb kd pcihg td `d, bg wis hiu`bt, `rijjgl jy bns bddl, ikl lri``gl nktd tbg shbddc, wbgrg bg wis shrujjgl ikl hbghagl edr vgronk, ikl put td jgl.
5
\bg issiuct dk Ijdrn`nkic nlgktnty jg`ik tbg odogkt tbg hbncl tdda tbg ﬉rst stgp ihrdss tbg shbddc„s tbrgsbdcl. Nk 92>8, it tbg i`g de snx, Onag Oduktink Bdrsg wis sgkt td tbg Xt. Viuc„s shbddc dk tbg Jcddl Zgsgrvg. –Oy Nklnik hcdtbgs, hdksnstnk` de jcikagt, jrgghb hcdtb, cg``nk`s, sbnrt ikl odhhisnks, wgrg rgodvgl.‟
0
 \bg gojrdnlgrgl pirai ikl ouacuas tbit Icnhg Jcdklnk-Vgrrnk„s odtbgr bil oilg edr bgr wgrg tiagk dk bgr irrnvic it shbddc. Xbg kgvgr siw tbgo i`ink.
2
 Dkhg strnppgl de tbgnr hcdtbgs, stulgkts wgrg rdu`bcy jitbgl.
>
Jrinlgl binr, wbnhb detgk bil spnrntuic sn`kn﬉hikhg,  wis hut. It tbg Ëcg-æ-ci-Hrdssg shbddc nk Xisaithbgwik,  Icpbdksg Mikvngr wis put dk ik dcl jirjgr„s hbinr. –N rgogojgr oy bgil jgnk` sbivgl ikl icc oy cdk` binr eiccnk` dk tbg ﬊ddr, ikl tbg wiy tbgy lgict wntb oy hrynk` ikl tbg burteuc eggcnk` wis wntb i jdwc de nhg hrgio.‟
96
 
Zgvgrgkl \bdopsdk Egrrngr tiank` jdys td shbddc nk Jrikldk, Oikntdji, nk 9>6<. \bg ygir jgedrg, tbg Ogtbdlnst onssndkiry Miogs OihCihbcik ikl snx stulgkts bg wis tiank` erdo Jgrgks Znvgr td tbg Jrikldk nklustrnic shbddc lrdwkgl nk i hikdg ihhnlgkt.
Oikntdji Ousguo GV 8<0.
 
      
dvgr ikl tica td og.„ N isagl, ‒Pby, N wikt td tica td ydu.„  Ikl bg wis siynk`, ‒^du„rg kdt suppdsgl td.„ N tdcl bno. ‒Pby, ydu irg oy jrdtbgr.„ Ikl rn`bt iwiy N wis tiagk td tbg erdkt de tbg hciss ikl N wis `nvgk tbg rucgr dk tbg pico de oy bikls.‟
:8
Xtulgkt cneg wis bn`bcy rg`nogktgl ikl lnshnpcnkgl. –Lurnk` hgrtink pgrndls de tbg liy wg wgrg kdt iccdwgl td tica, wbnhb dkcy cgl td bikl odtndks ikl skgiank` irdukl nk sghrghy.‟
:<
 Nkgz Lgntgr, wbd ittgklgl tbg Dkndk Ciag shbddc nk Xisaithbgwik nk tbg 9>86s, rghiccgl, –Pg usgl td bivg td usg tbns sn`k cik`ui`g td hdoouknhitg.
:7
  I `nrc erdo Edrt Bdpg, nk kdrtbgrk Dktirnd, rghiccgl tbit nk tbg 9>06s, –tbgrg sggogl td jg jgccs gvgrywbgrg. \bgrg  wis tbg odrknk` jgcc it sgvgk, wbgk i kuk hiog nktd dur ldrontdry hcippnk` bgr bikls. Xbg wducl oiag us siy priygrs, cnag Lgd @ritnis, dk dur akggs jgsnlg dur jgls. \bgk tbgrg wis i jgcc edr jrgiaeist, dkg edr hcissgs it knkg, dkg edr tgk wbgk wg wducl pciy dutsnlg, dkg edr cukhb, ikl dtbgrs tdd. \bg kuk nk oy hciss icsd bil i soicc jgcc tbit sbg rik` td sn`kic us wbgk wg sbducl stikl up ikl snt ldwk.‟
:5
irg ydu4„ dr ‒:7, hdog bgrg rn`bt kdw!„‟
9>
 I stulgkt wbd ittgklgl tbg Xt.-Oirh-lg-En`ugry shbddc nk Iods, Yugjgh, egct strnppgl de bgr nlgktnty= –N wis kuojgr dkg buklrgl ikl snxtggk. N wis trynk` td ﬉kl oysgce1 N wis cdst. N egct cnag N bil jggk pcihgl nk i jciha `irji`g ji` tbit wis sgicgl. Gvgrytbnk` wis jciha, hdopcgtgcy jciha td oy gygs ikl N wdklgrgl ne N wis tbg dkcy dkg td eggc tbit wiy.‟
:6
Jdys ikl `nrcs wgrg strnhtcy sg`rg`itgl. Ietgr tbg ﬉rst liy de hcissgs, Zipbigc Nrdkstikl lnl kdt sgg bns snstgr edr tbg rgst de tbg ygir. –N stncc rgogojgr bgr cddank` ipprg-bgksnvgcy dvgr bgr sbduclgr is sbg wis cgl iwiy.‟
:9
 It lnk-kgrtnog dk bgr ﬉rst liy it tbg Ik`cnhik shbddc it Iacivna,  Icnhg Ergkhb, sggnk` bgr jrdtbgr cddank` cdst ikl cdkg-sdog, stirtgl dvgr td hdoedrt bno, dkcy td jg put jiha nktd cnkg. Lurnk` tbg ygirs tbgy spgkt it tbg shbddc, tbgy rirgcy spdag, dkcy sbdutnk` dut td dkg ikdtbgr it ogic-tnog, dr dk tbg shbddcyirl dr nk tbg lnknk` bicc.
::
 I `nrc erdo tbg Aiocddps shbddc rghiccgl, –N rgogojgr sggnk` oy jrdtbgr nk tbg jiha de tbg hciss. N wgkt td tica td bno ikl bg wis rgiccy kgrvdus. Bg sinl, ‒Ldk„t hdog
@nrcs it tbg Xbnk`wiua shbddc nk Xiuct Xtg. Oirng, lrgssgl edr hburhb nk 9><9. \bg eglgric `dvgrkogkt ikl tbg hburhbgs usgl pdsgl pbdtd`ripbs td prdodtg tbg rgsnlgktnic shbddc systgo ihrdss Hikili. \bg noi`g tbit tbgy `nvg de cneg it tbg shbddcs wis kdt icwiys ihhuritg. Edr gxiopcg, nk 9>85, i `dvgrkogkt nkspghtdr kdtgl tbit it tbg Jnrtcg, Oikntdji, shbddc –icc tbg hbnclrgk bivg `ddl hcdtbgs jut tbgsg irg agpt edr Xukliys ikl  wbgk tbg hbnclrgk `d ldwktdwk“nk dtbgr wdrls wbgk dut wbgrg tbgy hik jg sggk, tbgy irg wgcc lrgssgl.‟
\bg @gkgric Xykdl Irhbnvgs, Ik`cnhik Hburhb de Hikili, V:66<-6> (58).

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