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Foundation Code 2004

Foundation Code 2004

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Published by cyong7788

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Published by: cyong7788 on Oct 15, 2009
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12/06/2012

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iii
Contents
Page No.
1. General .............................................................................................. 1
1.1 Scope ............................................................................................... 11.2 Definitions ........................................................................................... 11.3 Abbreviations ...................................................................................... 3
2. General Design Requirements ........................................................ 4
 
2.1 General ............................................................................................ 4
2.1.1 Basic Requirements ..................................................................... 42.1.2 Compatibility of Design and Construction ..................................... 42.1.3 Classification of Soils and Rocks .................................................... 4
2.2 Allowable Bearing Pressure, Bond or Friction of Ground ..……….... 4
2.2.1 Rational Design Method .................................................................. 52.2.2 Presumed Values ............................................................................. 52.2.3 In-Situ Testing Method .................................................................... 82.2.4 Other Methods ................................................................................. 8
2.3 Settlement ............................................................................................ 8
2.3.1 Estimation of Settlement ................................................................. 82.3.2 Acceptable Settlement ................................................................. 9
2.4 Structures on Newly Reclaimed Land ................................................ 9
2.4.1 General Design Rules ...................................................................... 92.4.2 Alternative Approach ...................................................................... 102.4.3 Long-term Monitoring and/or Maintenance ................................... 10
2.5 Structural Requirements ..................................................................... 10
2.5.1 General ............................................................................................. 102.5.2 Design Loads ................................................................................... 112.5.3 Resistance to Sliding, Uplift and Overturning................................. 112.5.4 Resistance to Buoyancy ................................................................... 112.5.5 Materials and Stresses ..................................................................... 12
2.6 Corrosion Protection of Foundations .................................................. 14
2.6.1 General ............................................................................................. 142.6.2 Concrete Foundations ...................................................................... 142.6.3 Steel Piles ..................................................................................... 142.6.4 Marine Foundations ......................................................................... 15
2.7 Foundation Plans ................................................................................. 162.8 Foundation Design in Scheduled Areas ............................................. 17
2.9
Foundation Design in Designated Areas ............................................. 172.10 Foundation Design in Sloping Ground ...….........................................17
3. Site Investigation .............................................................................. 18
 
3.1 General ............................................................................................ 183.2 Documentary Studies ..................................................................... 18
 
iv
3.3 Site Survey ..................................................................................... 183.4 Ground Investigation ....................................................................... 20
3.4.1 General ......................................................................................... 203.4.2 Supervision for Ground Investigation Works................................. 203.4.3 Preparation of Ground Investigation Reports .............................. 203.4.4 Number and Disposition of Boreholes/Trial Pits ......................... 203.4.5 Depth of Ground Investigation...................................................... 213.4.6 Groundwater ................................................................................ 21
3.5 Ground Investigation in Scheduled Areas .......................................... 22
4. Shallow Foundations ........................................................................ 23
 
4.1 General Requirements ..................................................................... 234.2 Allowable Bearing Pressure and Settlement ................................... 234.3 Structural Requirements .................................................................. 234.4 Common Types of Shallow Foundations ........................................ 23
4.4.1 Pad Footings ................................................................................ 234.4.2 Strip Footings ............................................................................... 244.4.3 Raft Foundations .......................................................................... 24
5. Pile Foundations ............................................................................... 25
 
5.1 General ............................................................................................ 25
5.1.1 Recognized Types of Pile Foundations ...................................... 255.1.2 Group Effect ............................…………..................................... 255.1.3 Minimum Pile Spacing ................................................................ 265.1.4 Horizontal Restraints to Piles and Pile Cap ................................. 265.1.5 Piles Providing resistance Against Sliding ................................... 265.1.6 Piles Providing resistance Against Uplift,Overturning and Buoyancy ......................................................... 27
5.2 Negative Skin Friction ..........
..........................................................
..... 27
5.2.1 Design Requirement ..................................................................... 275.2.2 Conventional Approach ................................................................ 285.2.3 Alternative Approach .......................................................……… 28
5.3 Load Capacity of Piles
.......................................................…………..
. 295.3.1 Structural Strength
......................................................………...
295.3.2 Ground Resistance for Piles in Compression
........................
305.3.3 Ground Resistance for Piles Subjected to Uplift Forces ….. 315.3.4 Ground Resistance for Piles Subjected to Lateral Load …... 315.4 Common Pile Types ........................................................................ 32
5.4.1 Steel H-Piles/Steel Tubular Piles ................................................. 325.4.2 Socketed Steel H-Piles .......................................…....................... 335.4.3 Precast Reinforced Concrete Piles ............................................... 345.4.4 Precast Prestressed Spun Concrete Piles ...................................... 345.4.5 Driven Cast-In-Place Concrete Piles ............................................ 345.4.6 Small Diameter Bored Piles ......................................................... 355.4.7 Large Diameter Bored Piles ......................................................... 355.4.8 Mini-Piles ..................................................................................... 35

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