Parable comes from the Greek word parabole, acompound word which means “to cast alongside.” A parable by its own definition is a truth place alongsidesomething previously existing.
The use of parables is not to hide the mysteries, but to reveal previously hidden existing truth (Matthew 13:34, 35)
All thesethings spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables; and without a parable spake he not unto them: That it might be fulfilledwhich was spoken by the prophet, saying, I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world
The parable of the Sower is clearly addressing the Kingdom of Heaven. In verse 10 of the chapter 13, the disciples came andsaid unto Him, why speakest thou unto them in parables? Jesus answered them saying because it is given unto you toknow the mysteries of the Kingdom of Heaven, but to them it is not given.It is clearly because of the Jews lack of faith in Jesus andresulting in no fruit bearing why it was taken from them andthe mysteries was not revealed V12, 13. Therefore Jesus speak to them in parables because of their failure to recognize Him.This is clearly explained in verse 14-16.
And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith,by hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive:
For this people's heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see withtheir eyes, and hear with their ears, and should understandwith their heart, and should be converted, and I should healthem.
But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear.Matthew 13 can be seen as a opening up and unveiling of themysteries surrounding the kingdom of the heavens throughthe use of parables.The first 4 parables given in Matthew 13 (Sower; tares; mustard;leaven), was given outside the house by the sea side (v1).