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Hardship and Vulnerability in the Pacific Island Countries Final Report

Hardship and Vulnerability in the Pacific Island Countries Final Report

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Published by ABC News Online
The World Bank's ground-breaking new report says while extreme poverty is rare in the region, hardship is not.
The World Bank's ground-breaking new report says while extreme poverty is rare in the region, hardship is not.

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Published by: ABC News Online on Mar 11, 2014
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03/16/2014

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Hardship and Vulnerability in the Pacific Island Countries
 A Regional Companion to the World Development Report 2014
 
1
Contents
Acknowledgements ....................................................................................................................................... 2 Acronyms ...................................................................................................................................................... 3 Executive Summary ....................................................................................................................................... 4 Chapter 1: Concepts and Context ............................................................................................................... 11 1. Basic Concepts ................................................................................................................................ 11 2. A Unique Set of Features in the Pacific Shape Hardship and Vulnerability .................................... 14 3. Reducing Hardship and Vulnerability through Risk Management .................................................. 16 Chapter 2: A Snapshot of Hardship in the Pacific ....................................................................................... 23 1. Background ..................................................................................................................................... 23 2. Poverty measurement in the Pacific ............................................................................................... 24 3. The incidence of hardship based on national poverty lines ........................................................... 26 4. Hardship differentials across households ....................................................................................... 30 5. Inequality in the Pacific Island Countries ........................................................................................ 41 6. Key messages .................................................................................................................................. 45 Chapter 3: Vulnerability and the impacts of shocks on Pacific islanders ................................................... 51 1. Pacific islanders are vulnerable to many aggregate shocks............................................................ 51 2. Aggregate economic shocks are particularly important ................................................................. 53 3. Impacts of aggregate economic shocks on households: results from micro simulations .............. 61 4. Health shocks are also an important source of vulnerability ......................................................... 68 5. Other types of shocks also affect Pacific islanders, but are more difficult to measure ................. 70 6. Key messages .................................................................................................................................. 73 Chapter 4: Current Approaches to Reducing Hardship and Vulnerability .................................................. 79 1. The role of traditional networks in reducing hardship and vulnerability ....................................... 80 2. Government social insurance programs ......................................................................................... 90 3. Government provision of basic services ......................................................................................... 92 4. Government policies to manage aggregate economic and natural shocks .................................... 95 5. Key messages ................................................................................................................................ 100 Chapter 5: Implications for policy

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