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Dental Materials 2

Dental Materials 2

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Published by Rosette Go

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Published by: Rosette Go on Oct 17, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/13/2013

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DENTAL MATERIALS #2TERMINOLOGIES:
FLOW –
a property of the material to be deformedcontinuously without altering the magnitude of theapplied force
*
Impression materials should have good flow property inorder to get the detailed parts
RHEOLOGY –
study of the flow of matter
MICROLEAKAGE –
the presence of microscopicspaces between the restoration and the preparedcavity which may lead to bacterial growth around therestoration and it is usually associated with post-operative sensitivity
THERMAL CHANGES –
the tooth structure and therestoration are continuously exposed to hot and coldbeverages and food, therefore, thermal conductivityand the coefficient of thermal expansion of therestorative material are important properties topreserve the health of the pulp
GALVANISM/GALVANIC ACTION
the presence of different metals in the oral cavity producing electiveshock or electric current
*170lbs
– average biting force
INFECTION CONTROL –
the routine use of maskand gloves to protect the dentist against infectionfrom microorganism
WEAR, ABRASSION & EROSION –
loss of materialfrom a surface caused by mechanical action orthrough combination of chemical and mechanicalaction
o
ABRASSION -
mechanical
o
EROSION –
chemical
o
WEAR –
both chemical and mechanical
ALLERGY –
abnormal antigen-antibody reaction to asubstance that is harmless to most individuals
BIOCOMPATIBILITY –
the ability of a material toelicit and appropriate biological response in a givenapplication in the body
TOXICITY –
a dose related potential material tocause cell or tissue death
VISCOSITY –
the resistance of a fluid to flow
TARNISH –
surface discoloration on a metal or aslight loss or alteration of the surface finish or luster
CORROSION –
deterioration of a metal which iscaused by reaction with its environment
TOXICITY EVALUATION OF DENTAL MATERIALS;
Should be harmless to the pulp and the soft tissues
No toxic substance that can be absorbed into thecirculatory system to cause toxic response
Free of sensitivity agents to cause an allergicresponse
No carcinogenic potential
GYPSUM –
rock or solid substances which have beengrounded into powder form and then heated
CALCINATION –
manufacturing process if gypsum followedby heating process
OPEN CALCINATION –
gypsum is heated on a kettle110 - 120°C resulting in β-hemihydrate or PLASTEROF PARIS
CLOSED CALCINATION –
gypsum is heated 120 -130°C resulting in α-hemihydrate or DENTAL STONE
ADA CLASSIFICATION OF GYPSUM PRODUCTS
TYPE I – SOLUBLE/IMPRESSION PLASTER
o
Used as an impression material, usuallysecondary material
TYPE II – MODEL PLASTER/PLASTER OF PARIS
o
Investing medium used to stabilize thearticulation of the upper and lower cast inthe articulator
o
For study cast
TYPE III – DENTAL STONE
o
For construction of a working cast
TYPE IV – DENTAL STONE HIGH STRENGTH/ DIECAST

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