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Dental Materials m2

Dental Materials m2

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Published by Rosette Go

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Published by: Rosette Go on Oct 17, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/19/2011

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DENTAL MATERIALS M2IRREVERSIBLE HYDROCOLLOID
ALGINATE
Manner of hardening:
THERMOSET
Elasticity:
ELASTIC
Dispensing form:
POWDER
Components:
o
Na/K ALGINATE
Main component
Soluble SOL from alginic acid
o
CaSO
4
Chief reactor
o
Na
3
PO
4
Retarder
Allows proper manipulation
o
POTASSIUM TITANIUM FLUORIDE
Accelerator
Plaster hardener
Fluoride
improves the strength of set plaster
o
ORGANIC GLYCOL
Dust-free
o
FILLERS
ZnO, diatomaceous earth
Hardening agents to improvestrength
o
COLORING & FLAVORING MATERIALS
helps ease in reading theimpression
makes the impression materialpalatable to the patient’s mouth
advantages:
o
sets promptly inside the patient’s mouth
o
cheaper than agar and ZOE paste
o
most patronized impression material amongdentists
WATER – POWDER RATIO
o
15 – 18g of powder per 40-50cc of water
Manipulation:
o
Water first before powder
o
Horizontal figure 8
(mix briskly or underpressure)
o
Rubber bowl is turned every now and thento have all the powder mixed
Mixing time: 45sec – 1minFACTORS:
W/P RATIO
o
More water retards setting
o
More powder hastens setting
MIXING TIME
o
Longer time faster setting
o
Shorter time slower setting
PRECOOLING
o
Prolongs gelatination of alginate
2 TYPES OF ALGINATE ACCORDING TO ADA
TYPE 1
o
Fast set
o
1 – 2mins
TYPE 2
o
Normal/regular set
o
2 – 4.5mins
o
Commonly used
PROPERTIES OF ALGINATE
Not dimensionally stable
o
SYNERISIS
Shrinkage due to loss of water

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