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Theories of Failure

Theories of Failure

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Published by: RaviShankarDuggirala on Oct 17, 2009
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06/28/2013

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Theories of Failure
The material properties are usually determined by simpletension or compression tests.
The mechanical members are subjected to biaxial ortriaxial stresses.
To determine whether a component will fail or not, somefailure theories are proposed which are related to theproperties of materials obtained from uniaxial tension orcompression tests.
Initially we will consider failure of a mechanical membersubjected to biaxial stresses
 
 
The Theories of Failures which are applicable for this situation are:
Max principal or normal stress theory (Rankine’s theory)Maximum shear stress theory (Guest’s orTresca’s theory)Max. Distortion energy theory (Von Mises& Hencky’s theory)Max. strain energy theory Max. principal strain theory 
 
 
Ductile materials usually fail by  yielding and hence the limiting strength isthe yield strength of material as determinedfrom simple tension test which is assumedthe same in compression also.For brittle materials limiting strengthof material is ultimate tensile strength intension or compression.

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can i get the references please:)

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