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Ukraine Unified 3 11 9pm

Ukraine Unified 3 11 9pm

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Published by Josh Rogin
Ukraine Unified 3 11 9pm
Ukraine Unified 3 11 9pm

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Published by: Josh Rogin on Mar 12, 2014
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03/12/2014

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Title: To support sovereignty and democracy in Ukraine, and for other purposes.
1 2 3
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in
4
Congress assembled,
5
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
6
This Act may be cited as the
“Support for the Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and
7
Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014”.
 
8
SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.
9
In this Act:
10
(1) A
LIEN
.
 —The term “alien” has the meaning given that term in section 101(a) of the
11
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)).
12
(2) A
PPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES
.
 —The term “appropriate congressional
13
committees” means— 
 
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(A) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of
15
the Senate; and
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(B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the
17
House of Representatives.
18
(3) U
 NITED STATES PERSON
.
 —The term “United States person” means— 
 
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(A) a United States citizen or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence to
20
the United States; or
21
(B) an entity organized under the laws of the United States or of any jurisdiction
22
within the United States, including a foreign branch of such an entity.
23
(4) M
ATERIALLY
A
SSISTED
.
 — 
 
For purposes of this Act, the term “materially assisted”
24
means the provision of assistance that is significant and of a kind directly relevant to:
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(A) significant acts of violence or gross human rights abuses;
26
(B) acts that undermine the peace, security, stability, sovereignty or territorial
27
integrity of Ukraine; or
28
(C) acts of significant corruption in Ukraine.
29
SEC. 3. UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD
30
UKRAINE.
31
It is the policy of the United States
 — 
 
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(1) to condemn the unjustified military intervention of the Russian Federation in the
33
 
 
Crimea region of Ukraine and its concurrent occupation of that region, as well as any other
1
form of political, economic, or military aggression against Ukraine;
2
(2) to reaffirm the commitment of the United States to, and to remind Russia of its
3
ongoing commitment to, the 1994 Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances, which
4
was executed jointly with the Russian Federation and the United Kingdom and explicitly
5
secures the independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity and borders of Ukraine, and
6
to demand the immediate cessation of improper activities, including the seizures of airfields
7
and other locations, and the immediate return of Russian forces to their barracks;
8
(3) to work with United States partners in the European Union, the North Atlantic Treaty
9
Organization, and at the United Nations to ensure that all nations recognize and not
10
undermine, nor seek to undermine, the independence, sovereignty, or territorial or economic
11
integrity of Ukraine;
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(4) to use all appropriate economic elements of United States national power, in
13
coordination with United States allies, to protect the independence, sovereignty, and
14
territorial and economic integrity of Ukraine;
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(5) to support the people of Ukraine in their desire to forge closer ties with Europe,
16
including signing an Association Agreement with the European Union as a means to
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address endemic corruption, consolidate democracy, and achieve sustained prosperity;
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(6) to use the voice and vote of the United States to secure sufficient resources through
19
the International Monetary Fund to support needed economic structural reforms in Ukraine
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under conditions that will reinforce a sovereign decision by the Government of Ukraine to
21
sign and implement an association agreement with the European Union;
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(7) to help the Government of Ukraine prepare for the presidential election in May 2014;
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(8) to reinforce the efforts of the Government of Ukraine to bring to justice those
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responsible for the acts of violence against peaceful protestors and other unprovoked acts of
25
violence related to the antigovernment protests in that began on November 21, 2013;
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(9) to support the efforts of the Government of Ukraine to recover and return to the
27
Ukrainian state funds stolen by former President Yanukovych, his family, and other current
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and former members of the Ukrainian government and elites;
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(10) to support the continued professionalization of the Ukrainian military;
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(11) to condemn economic extortion by the Russian Federation against Ukraine,
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Moldova, Lithuania, and other countries in the region in order to obstruct closer ties
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 between the European Union and the countries of the Eastern Partnership and to reduce the
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harmful consequences of such extortion;
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(12) to condemn the continuing and long-standing pattern and practice by the
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Government of the Russian Federation of physical and economic aggression toward
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neighboring countries;
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(13) to enhance and extend our security cooperation with, security assistance to, and
38
military exercises conducted with, states in Central and Eastern Europe, including North
39
Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) member countries, NATO aspirants, and appropriate
40
Eastern Partnership countries;
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(14) to reaffirm United States defense commitments to its treaty allies under Article V of
1
the North Atlantic Treaty;
2
(15) that the continued participation of the Russian Federation in the Group of Eight (G
 – 
3
8) nations should be conditioned on the Government of the Russian Federation respecting
4
the territorial integrity of its neighbors;
5
(16) to explore ways for the United States Government to assist the countries of Central
6
and Eastern Europe to diversify their energy sources and achieve energy security; and
7
(17) to ensure the United States maintains its predominant leadership position and
8
influence within the International Monetary Fund, and to guarantee the International
9
Monetary Fund has the resources and governance structure necessary to support structural
10
reforms in Ukraine and respond to and prevent a potentially serious financial crisis in
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Ukraine or other foreign economic crises that threatens United States national security.
12
SEC. 4. PROVISION OF COSTS OF LOAN GUARANTEES
13
FOR UKRAINE.
14
(a) In General.
 — 
From the unobligated balance of amounts appropriated or otherwise made
15
available under the h
eading “
ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND
” under the heading “Funds Appropriated
16
to the President” in title III of the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related
17
Programs Appropriations Act, 2014 (division K of Public Law 113
 – 
76) and in Acts making
18
appropriations for the Department of State, foreign operations, and related programs for
19
 preceding fiscal years (other than amounts designated pursuant to section 251(b)(2)(A) of the
20
Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (2 U.S.C. 901(b)(2)(A))), amounts
21
shall be made available for the costs (as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act
22
of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 661a)) of loan guarantees for Ukraine that are hereby authorized to be
23
 provided under this Act.
24
(b) Inapplicability of Certain Limitations.
 — 
Amounts made available for the costs of loan
25
guarantees for Ukraine pursuant to subsection (a) shall not be considered “assistance” for the
26
 purpose of provisions of law limiting assistance to Ukraine.
27
SEC. 5. RECOVERY OF ASSETS LINKED TO
28
GOVERNMENTAL CORRUPTION IN UKRAINE.
29
(a) Asset Recovery.
 — 
The Secretary of State, in coordination with the Attorney General and
30
the Secretary of the Treasury, shall assist, on an expedited basis as appropriate, the Government
31
of Ukraine to identify, secure, and recover assets linked to acts of corruption by Viktor
32
Yanukovych, members of his family, or other former or current officials of the Government of
33
Ukraine or their accomplices in any jurisdiction through appropriate programs, including the
34
Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Initiative of the Department of Justice.
35
(b) Coordination.
 — 
Any asset recovery efforts undertaken pursuant to subsection (a) shall be
36
coordinated through the relevant bilateral or multilateral entities, including, as appropriate, the
37
Egmont Group of Financial Intelligence Units, the Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative of the World
38
Bank Group and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, the Camden Asset Recovery
39
Inter-Agency Network, and the Global Focal Point Initiative of the International Criminal Police
40
Organization (INTERPOL).
41

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