2Apostles, in the Day of Judgment, and you affirm your faith in the Divine Decree about good and evil.He (the inquirer) said: You have told the truth. He (the inquirer) again said: Inform me about al-Ihsan(performance of good deeds). He (the Holy Prophet) said: That you worship Allah as if you are seeingHim, for though you don't see Him, He, verily, sees you. He (the enquirer) again said: Inform meabout the hour (of the Doom). He (the Holy Prophet) remarked: One who is asked knows no morethan the one who is inquiring (about it). He (the inquirer) said: Tell me some of its indications. He (theHoly Prophet) said: That the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and master, that you will findbarefooted, destitute goat-herds vying with one another in the construction of magnificent buildings.He (the narrator, Umar ibn al-Khattab) said: Then he (the inquirer) went on his way but I stayed withhim (the Holy Prophet) for a long while. He then, said to me: Umar, do you know who this inquirerwas? I replied: Allah and His Apostle knows best. He (the Holy Prophet) remarked: He was Gabriel(the angel). He came to you in order to instruct you in matters of religion.Book 1, Number 0002:It is narrated on the authority of Yahya b. Ya'mur that when Ma'bad discussed the problem pertainingto Divine Decree, we refuted that. He (the narrator) said: I and Humaid b. Abdur-Rahman Himyariargued. And they carried on the conversation about the purport of the hadith related by Kahmas and itschain of transmission too, and there is some variation of words.Book 1, Number 0003:It is narrated on the authority of Yahya b. Ya'mur and Humaid b. 'Abdur-Rahman that they said: Wemet Abdullah b. 'Umar and we discussed about the Divine Decree, and what they talked about it andhe narrated the hadith that has been transmitted by 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) from theApostle (may peace be upon him). There is a slight variation in that.Chapter 2: WHAT IS IMAN AND WHAT ARE ITS CHARACTERISTICSBook 1, Number 0004:Abu Huraira reported: One day the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) appeared before thepublic that a man came to him and said: Prophet of Allah, (tell me) what is Iman. Upon this he (theHoly Prophet) replied: That you affirm your faith in Allah, His angels, His Books, His meeting, HisMessengers and that you affirm your faith in the Resurrection hereafter. He (again) said: Messenger of Allah, (tell me) what does al-Islam signify. He (the Holy Prophet) replied: Al-Islam signifies that youworship Allah and do not associate anything with Him and you establish obligatory prayer and youpay the obligatory poor-rate (Zakat) and you observe the fast of Ramadan. He (the inquirer) againsaid: Messenger of Allah, what does al-Ihsan imply? He (the Holy Prophet) replied: That you worshipAllah as if you are seeing Him, and in case you fail to see Him, then observe prayer (with this idea inyour mind) that (at least) He is seeing you. He (the inquirer ) again said: Messenger of Allah, whenwould there be the hour (of Doom)? He (the Holy Prophet) replied: The one who is asked about it isno better informed than the inquirer. I, however, narrate some of its signs (and these are): when theslave-girl will give birth to he master, when the naked, barefooted would become the chiefs of thepeople - these are some of the signs of (Doom). (Moreover) when the shepherds of the black (camels)would exult themselves in buildings, this is one of the signs of (Doom). (Doom) is one of the five(happenings wrapped in the unseen) which no one knows but Allah. Then he (the Messenger of Allah)recited (the verse):" Verily Allah! with Him alone is the knowledge of the hour and He it is Whosends (down the rain) and knows that which is in the wombs and no person knows whatsoever he shallearn tomorrow, and a person knows not in whatsoever land he shall die. Verily Allah is Knowing,Aware. He (the narrator, Abu Huraira) said: Then the person turned back and went away. TheMessenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Bring that man back to me. They (the Companionsof the Holy Prophet present there) went to bring him back, but they saw nothing there. Upon this theMessenger of Allah remarked: he was Gabriel, who came to teach the people their religion.Book 1, Number 0005:This hadith is narrated to us on the authority of Muhammad b. 'Abdullah b. Numair, on the authorityof Muhammad b. Bishr, on the authority of Abd Hayyan al-Taymi with the exception that in thisnarration (instead of the words (Iza Waladat al'amah rabbaha), the words are (Iza Waladat al'amahBa'laha), i, e, when slave-girl gives birth to her master.