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Mokhtaser Sahih Muslim Volume (1)

Mokhtaser Sahih Muslim Volume (1)

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Translation of Sahih Muslim.
Abdul Hamid Siddiqui 
Volume 1
Introduction to Translation of Sahih MuslimIn the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most MercifulSahih Muslim is a collection of sayings and deeds of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) (also known as thesunnah). The reports of the Prophet's sayings and deeds are called ahadith. Muslim lived a couple of centuries after the Prophet's death and worked extremely hard to collect his ahadith. Each report in hiscollection was checked for compatibility with the Qur'an, and the veracity of the chain of reportershad to be painstakingly established. Muslim's collection is recognized by the overwhelming majorityof the Muslim world to be one of the most authentic collections of the Sunnah of the Prophet (pbuh).Muslim (full name Abul Husain Muslim bin al-Hajjaj al-Nisapuri) was born in 202 A. H. and died in261 A. H. He travelled widely to gather his collection of ahadith, including to Iraq, Saudi Arabia,Syria, and Egypt. Out of 300,000 ahadith which he evaluated, only 4,000 approximately (includingmultiple hadith in a single one i. e. multiple quotations) were extracted for inclusion into his collectionbased on stringent acceptance criteria. Muslim was a student of Bukhari.It is important to realize, however, that Muslim's collection is not complete: there are other scholarswho worked as Muslim did and collected other authentic reports.The translation of Sahih Muslim found here is complete!Book 1: The Book of Faith (Kitab Al-Iman)Chapter 1:...Book 1, Number 0001:It is narrated on the authority of Yahya b. Ya'mur that the first man who discussed about Qadr (DivineDecree) in Basra was Ma'bad al-Juhani. I along with Humaid b. 'Abdur-Rahman Himyari set out forprilgrimage or for 'Umrah and said: Should it so happen that we come into contact with one of theCompanions of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) we shall ask him a bout what is talkedabout Taqdir (Division Decree). Accidentally we came across Abdullah ibn Umar ibn al-Khattab,while he was entering the mosque. My companion and I surrounded him. One of us (stood) on hisright and the other stood on his left. I expected that my companion would authorize me to speak. Itherefore said: Abu Abdur Rahman! there have appeared some people in our land who recite the HolyQur'an and pursue knowledge. And then after talking about their affairs, added: They (such people)claim that there is no such thing as Divine Decree and events are not predestined. He (Abdullah ibnUmar) said: When you happen to meet such people tell them that I have nothing to do with them andthey have nothing to do with me. And verily they are in no way responsible for my (belief). Abdullahibn Umar swore by Him (the Lord) (and said): If any one of them (who does not believe in the DivineDecree) had with him gold equal to the bulk of (the mountain) Uhud and then, it (in the way of Allah),Allah would not accept it unless he affirmed his faith in Divine Decree. He further said: My father,Umar ibn al-Khattab, told me: One day we were sitting in the company of Allah's Apostle (peace beupon him) when there appeared before us a man dressed in pure white clothes, his hair extraordinarilyblack. There were no signs of travel on him. None amongst us recognized him. At last he sat with theApostle (peace be upon him) He knelt before him placed his palms on his thighs and said:Muhammad, inform me about al-Islam. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Al-Islamimplies that you testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah,and you establish prayer, pay Zakat, observe the fast of Ramadan, and perform pilgrimage to the(House) if you are solvent enough (to bear the expense of) the journey. He (the inquirer) said: Youhave told the truth. He (Umar ibn al-Khattab) said: It amazed us that he would put the question andthen he would himself verify the truth. He (the inquirer) said: Inform me about Iman (faith). He (theHoly Prophet) replied: That you affirm your faith in Allah, in His angels, in His Books, in His
 
 2Apostles, in the Day of Judgment, and you affirm your faith in the Divine Decree about good and evil.He (the inquirer) said: You have told the truth. He (the inquirer) again said: Inform me about al-Ihsan(performance of good deeds). He (the Holy Prophet) said: That you worship Allah as if you are seeingHim, for though you don't see Him, He, verily, sees you. He (the enquirer) again said: Inform meabout the hour (of the Doom). He (the Holy Prophet) remarked: One who is asked knows no morethan the one who is inquiring (about it). He (the inquirer) said: Tell me some of its indications. He (theHoly Prophet) said: That the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and master, that you will findbarefooted, destitute goat-herds vying with one another in the construction of magnificent buildings.He (the narrator, Umar ibn al-Khattab) said: Then he (the inquirer) went on his way but I stayed withhim (the Holy Prophet) for a long while. He then, said to me: Umar, do you know who this inquirerwas? I replied: Allah and His Apostle knows best. He (the Holy Prophet) remarked: He was Gabriel(the angel). He came to you in order to instruct you in matters of religion.Book 1, Number 0002:It is narrated on the authority of Yahya b. Ya'mur that when Ma'bad discussed the problem pertainingto Divine Decree, we refuted that. He (the narrator) said: I and Humaid b. Abdur-Rahman Himyariargued. And they carried on the conversation about the purport of the hadith related by Kahmas and itschain of transmission too, and there is some variation of words.Book 1, Number 0003:It is narrated on the authority of Yahya b. Ya'mur and Humaid b. 'Abdur-Rahman that they said: Wemet Abdullah b. 'Umar and we discussed about the Divine Decree, and what they talked about it andhe narrated the hadith that has been transmitted by 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) from theApostle (may peace be upon him). There is a slight variation in that.Chapter 2: WHAT IS IMAN AND WHAT ARE ITS CHARACTERISTICSBook 1, Number 0004:Abu Huraira reported: One day the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) appeared before thepublic that a man came to him and said: Prophet of Allah, (tell me) what is Iman. Upon this he (theHoly Prophet) replied: That you affirm your faith in Allah, His angels, His Books, His meeting, HisMessengers and that you affirm your faith in the Resurrection hereafter. He (again) said: Messenger of Allah, (tell me) what does al-Islam signify. He (the Holy Prophet) replied: Al-Islam signifies that youworship Allah and do not associate anything with Him and you establish obligatory prayer and youpay the obligatory poor-rate (Zakat) and you observe the fast of Ramadan. He (the inquirer) againsaid: Messenger of Allah, what does al-Ihsan imply? He (the Holy Prophet) replied: That you worshipAllah as if you are seeing Him, and in case you fail to see Him, then observe prayer (with this idea inyour mind) that (at least) He is seeing you. He (the inquirer ) again said: Messenger of Allah, whenwould there be the hour (of Doom)? He (the Holy Prophet) replied: The one who is asked about it isno better informed than the inquirer. I, however, narrate some of its signs (and these are): when theslave-girl will give birth to he master, when the naked, barefooted would become the chiefs of thepeople - these are some of the signs of (Doom). (Moreover) when the shepherds of the black (camels)would exult themselves in buildings, this is one of the signs of (Doom). (Doom) is one of the five(happenings wrapped in the unseen) which no one knows but Allah. Then he (the Messenger of Allah)recited (the verse):" Verily Allah! with Him alone is the knowledge of the hour and He it is Whosends (down the rain) and knows that which is in the wombs and no person knows whatsoever he shallearn tomorrow, and a person knows not in whatsoever land he shall die. Verily Allah is Knowing,Aware. He (the narrator, Abu Huraira) said: Then the person turned back and went away. TheMessenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Bring that man back to me. They (the Companionsof the Holy Prophet present there) went to bring him back, but they saw nothing there. Upon this theMessenger of Allah remarked: he was Gabriel, who came to teach the people their religion.Book 1, Number 0005:This hadith is narrated to us on the authority of Muhammad b. 'Abdullah b. Numair, on the authorityof Muhammad b. Bishr, on the authority of Abd Hayyan al-Taymi with the exception that in thisnarration (instead of the words (Iza Waladat al'amah rabbaha), the words are (Iza Waladat al'amahBa'laha), i, e, when slave-girl gives birth to her master.

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