Ice cream is enjoyed by most individuals in the United States following cookies as a
second favorite dessert. Ask students what their favorite desserts are and see if ice
cream comes in first or second. Have students write in their journals and share a
story about the last time they had their favorite dessert! Everything tells a story!
Read the story, What Was It Before It Was Ice Cream?, by Colleen Reece. Discus the
Take a survey of the class and school to discover every ones favorite ice cream
flavor. Make a simple graph of the data. The 15 most popular ice cream reported
by the International Ice Cream Association are: Vanilla (29.0%), Chocolate (8.9%),
Butter Pecan (5.3%), Strawberry (5.3%), Neapolitan (4.2%), Chocolate Chip
(3.9%), French Vanilla (3.8%), Cookies and Cream (3.6%), Vanilla Fudge Ripple
(2.6%), Praline Pecan (1.7%), Cherry (1.6%), Chocolate Almond (1.6%), Coffee
(1.6%), Rocky Road (1.5%), Chocolate Marshmallow (1.3%), and all the other
flavors (23.7%). Make a graph and compare the data. Try making several types of
graphic displays of the data.
This may be a time in your class to teach how to make different types of graphs
from the same data. Students learn a great deal by making different graphs from
the same data. Make all graphs in their journals or paste them into the journals.
Allow each student to interpret the graphs in the journal so you know they know
what the graphic data tells each one of your students.
Place these questions on the tops of the investigation sheet then give one to each
group of students so they may research or experiment to discover the correct
answer. (Sheet will be at the end of this unit.)
Once students discover these answers through research take a class, school or
community survey and compare the data. Place all the data, graphs and analysis
in the journals.
2. How much do you think each American consumes in a year? The research
data showed that each American eats 23.2 quarts of ice cream a year.
NOTE: Explore how big a quart is and what it looks like in different
3. Based on sales data of ice cream which month or months do you think
Americans bought the most ice cream? July and August. National ice cream
month of July was selected based on the data.
years of age and older.
5. What day of the week is the most ice cream eaten? Sunday.
6. Which states produce the most ice cream? 1. California, 2. Indiana, 3. Ohio,
1. The favorite topping for ice cream is chocolate syrup.
2. The biggest ice cream sundae ever made was over 12 feet tall and
in Anaheim, California, in 1985.
3. Vanilla ice cream is made from the vanilla bean.
4. Ice cream is an $11 billion industry.
5. Ice cream novelties such as ice cream on sticks and ice cream bars
1 cup whole milk
\u00bc tsp vanilla
4 TBSP Sugar
3-4 cups crushed ice or party ice
1 gallon size zip lock bag
1 sandwich size zip lock bag
2 full sheets of newspaper
\u00bc cup rock salt
1 plastic spoon or a straw
Thermometer that reads to -10 degrees C
Optional: Toppings for the ice cream
2. Add 3-4 cups of crushed ice or chip ice from a block of ice. Take the
temperature of the ice alone using the thermometer. Record all the data for
an average. Add the \u00bc cup of rock salt to the ice. Predict what will happen
to the temperature at the end of the test. Record ideas.
3. Place the small Zip lock bag into the large Zip lock bag combined with the
ice and salt. Remove as much excess air as possible and close the large bag.
4. Fold the bag over if needed and place in the middle of the newspaper sheets.
Wrap the bag in the newspaper and tape it with duct tape to hold it in place.
Apply the duct tape both vertically and horizontally. The newspapers act as
5. Shaking it for 5-10 minutes (or playing catch) should allow the mixture to
become solid enough to eat or drink as a shake. Play some upbeat music and
shake it up baby!! NOTE: Vary shake time if this is part of your experiment
6. Unwrap the bag and carefully remove the inside bag from the larger bag. If
rock salt gets into the bag it does not taste good and the rock salt may be
1. How was ice made available to the pioneers when they lived in a log cabin?
2. What happens to the temperature of the ice as it melts during this process of
making ice cream?
3. Does shaking the ice cream bags make the ice cream harder at the end of the
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?