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4530_ice cream experiments

4530_ice cream experiments

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Published by mrsfox

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Published by: mrsfox on Oct 18, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Ice Cream, Ice Cream We All Scream for Ice

Ice cream is enjoyed by most individuals in the United States following cookies as a
second favorite dessert. Ask students what their favorite desserts are and see if ice
cream comes in first or second. Have students write in their journals and share a
story about the last time they had their favorite dessert! Everything tells a story!
Read the story, What Was It Before It Was Ice Cream?, by Colleen Reece. Discus the

Take a survey of the class and school to discover every ones favorite ice cream
flavor. Make a simple graph of the data. The 15 most popular ice cream reported
by the International Ice Cream Association are: Vanilla (29.0%), Chocolate (8.9%),
Butter Pecan (5.3%), Strawberry (5.3%), Neapolitan (4.2%), Chocolate Chip
(3.9%), French Vanilla (3.8%), Cookies and Cream (3.6%), Vanilla Fudge Ripple
(2.6%), Praline Pecan (1.7%), Cherry (1.6%), Chocolate Almond (1.6%), Coffee
(1.6%), Rocky Road (1.5%), Chocolate Marshmallow (1.3%), and all the other
flavors (23.7%). Make a graph and compare the data. Try making several types of
graphic displays of the data.

This may be a time in your class to teach how to make different types of graphs
from the same data. Students learn a great deal by making different graphs from
the same data. Make all graphs in their journals or paste them into the journals.
Allow each student to interpret the graphs in the journal so you know they know
what the graphic data tells each one of your students.

Ice Cream Consumption:
Plan A:

Place these questions on the tops of the investigation sheet then give one to each
group of students so they may research or experiment to discover the correct
answer. (Sheet will be at the end of this unit.)

Plan B:

Once students discover these answers through research take a class, school or
community survey and compare the data. Place all the data, graphs and analysis
in the journals.

Plan C:
Experiment with the making of the ice cream. This idea will be placed below
under the receipt.
Investigative Questions:
1. How many quarts of ice cream do you think you eat in a year?

2. How much do you think each American consumes in a year? The research
data showed that each American eats 23.2 quarts of ice cream a year.
NOTE: Explore how big a quart is and what it looks like in different

3. Based on sales data of ice cream which month or months do you think
Americans bought the most ice cream? July and August. National ice cream
month of July was selected based on the data.

4. Who eats the most ice cream? Children ages two through 12 and adults 45

years of age and older.
5. What day of the week is the most ice cream eaten? Sunday.
6. Which states produce the most ice cream? 1. California, 2. Indiana, 3. Ohio,

4. Illinois, and 5. Michigan.
7. Miscellaneous facts: NOTE: These could be turned into investigative

1. The favorite topping for ice cream is chocolate syrup.
2. The biggest ice cream sundae ever made was over 12 feet tall and

made with 4,667 gallons of ice cream and 7,000 pounds of topping

in Anaheim, California, in 1985.
3. Vanilla ice cream is made from the vanilla bean.
4. Ice cream is an $11 billion industry.
5. Ice cream novelties such as ice cream on sticks and ice cream bars

were introduce in 1920s.
Simple Plan For Making Ice Cream In A Bag:
Materials Per Group of Students:

1 cup whole milk
\u00bc tsp vanilla
4 TBSP Sugar
3-4 cups crushed ice or party ice
1 gallon size zip lock bag
1 sandwich size zip lock bag
2 full sheets of newspaper
Duct tape
\u00bc cup rock salt

1 plastic spoon or a straw
Thermometer that reads to -10 degrees C
Optional: Toppings for the ice cream

1. Mix together the milk, sugar and vanilla. Force out excess air from the Zip
lock bag and zip the bag closed.

2. Add 3-4 cups of crushed ice or chip ice from a block of ice. Take the
temperature of the ice alone using the thermometer. Record all the data for
an average. Add the \u00bc cup of rock salt to the ice. Predict what will happen
to the temperature at the end of the test. Record ideas.

3. Place the small Zip lock bag into the large Zip lock bag combined with the
ice and salt. Remove as much excess air as possible and close the large bag.
4. Fold the bag over if needed and place in the middle of the newspaper sheets.
Wrap the bag in the newspaper and tape it with duct tape to hold it in place.
Apply the duct tape both vertically and horizontally. The newspapers act as

an insulator.

5. Shaking it for 5-10 minutes (or playing catch) should allow the mixture to
become solid enough to eat or drink as a shake. Play some upbeat music and
shake it up baby!! NOTE: Vary shake time if this is part of your experiment

6. Unwrap the bag and carefully remove the inside bag from the larger bag. If
rock salt gets into the bag it does not taste good and the rock salt may be

7. Take the temperature of the rock salt and ice (water) mixture. Record and
average results. Eat the ice cream while you think about the results.
Ice is essential when making ice cream because the mixture must be cooled down
to change from a liquid to a solid.
Questions for discussion or investigation:

1. How was ice made available to the pioneers when they lived in a log cabin?
2. What happens to the temperature of the ice as it melts during this process of
making ice cream?
3. Does shaking the ice cream bags make the ice cream harder at the end of the

Rock Salt:
Rock salt forced the ice mix to melt. The \u201cbrine solution\u201d (rock salt and water)
absorbed heat from the mix and gradually lowered the temperature of the mix until

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