On most projects it is possible to carry out multiple activities simultaneously. Usually it is possible to perform several activities at the same time, however there will be activities whichcannot begin until a preceding activity has been completed. Such relationships are referredto as dependencies or precedencies, and when planning a project it is important to establishthe order of precedence of dependent activities, and to establish those activities which can be performed in parallel with other activities.Regardless of the nature or size of your project a successful outcome can only be achieved byusing sound project management techniques. The most widely used and popular methods of project management are Gantt Charts, Critical Path Method (CPM) and ProgrammeEvaluation and Review Technique (PERT). However, it is important to remember that projects are carried out by people, and the human aspects of project management are criticalfor the project success.
1.2Terminology and Definitions
is an interrelated set of activities that has a definite starting and ending point andresults in the accomplishment of a unique, often major outcome. "Project management" is,therefore, the planning and control of events that, together, comprise the project. Projectmanagement aims to ensure the effective use of resources and delivery of the project objectiveson time and within cost constraints.An
or task is the smallest unit of work effort within the project and consumes bothtime and resources which are under the control of the project manager. A project is asequence of activities that has a definite start and finish, an identifiable goal and an integratedsystem of complex but interdependent relationships.A
allocates resources to accomplish the activities within a timeframe. The schedulesets priorities, start times and finish times.
is:the adept use of techniques and skills (hard and soft) in planning and controlling tasks andresources needed for the project, from both inside and outside of organisation, to achieveresults.The purpose of project management is to achieve successful project completion with theresources available. A successful project is one which:
has been finished on time
is within its cost budget
performs to a technical/performance standard which satisfies the end user.2