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Rwanda Not so Innocent When Womens Became Killers- Africa Rights- August 1995

Rwanda Not so Innocent When Womens Became Killers- Africa Rights- August 1995

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Published by: Kagatama on Oct 19, 2009
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RWANDANOT SO INNOCENT
WHEN WOMEN BECOME KILLERS
August 1995
PO Box 3836, Kigali, RwandaTel: 00 250 501007 Fax: 00 250 501008Web:www.africanrights.org 
Email:
 
 
Table of Contents
Acronyms and Explanatory Notes .......................................................................................... vii
SUMMARY ........................................................................................................................... 1INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................. 4
The 1973 Watershed: Women Come Into Their Own As Allies Of Killers .................... 5
BACKGROUND ................................................................................................................... 10LENDING A BIG HAND IN THE MASSACRES AND KILLINGS .............................. 14
Women who Led the Killings .......................................................................................... 15Bernadette Mukarurangwa .................................................................................... 15Félicitée Semakuba ................................................................................................ 19Léoncie Nyirabacamurwango ................................................................................ 20Maman Aline ......................................................................................................... 21Women Who Were Coerced Into Killing ......................................................................... 22Women Among The Crowds Of Attackers ...................................................................... 24Athanasie Mukabatana .......................................................................................... 27Louise Uwamahoro ................................................................................................ 27Gaudence Kantwaza .............................................................................................. 28Women Accused of Killing Their Husbands and Children .............................................. 29Intimate Murders: Women Who Turned on Their Neighbours ........................................ 31Madeleine Senguri ................................................................................................. 33Spéciose Mujawayezu ........................................................................................... 34Jeanne Mukamugemana ......................................................................................... 35Solina Rwamakombe ............................................................................................. 36Mme Suzanne ........................................................................................................ 36Girls Complicit in The Murder of Fellow-Pupils ............................................................. 36Solange Uwamahoro .............................................................................................. 37Marie Louise Uwizeye ........................................................................................... 38Angéline Musafiri .................................................................................................. 38Gaudence Uwamahoro .......................................................................................... 38Alphonsine Uwizeyimana ...................................................................................... 39Singing In Praise Of Genocide: Ululating The Killers Into Action ................................. 39Betraying The Hunted ...................................................................................................... 39Looting The Dead ............................................................................................................. 44Women Who Encouraged Their Men To Rape ................................................................ 44
 
 
MINISTERS IN THE INTERIM GOVERNMENT .......................................................... 49
Pauline Nyiramasuhuko .................................................................................................... 50Agnès Ntamabyariro ......................................................................................................... 58
ADMINISTRATORS OF DEATH: LOCAL GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS ................ 59
Rose Karushara: The Butcher of Kimisagara ................................................................... 60Odette Nyirabagenzi: The Terror of Rugenge .................................................................. 67Euphrasie Kamatamu: Stalking Muhima .......................................................................... 72Madeleine Kankuyo ......................................................................................................... 77Thérèse Nyirabititaweho .................................................................................................. 77Mamashura Mwajuma ...................................................................................................... 78
MESSENGERS OF DEATH: JOURNALISTS WHO PREACHED GENOCIDE ........ 79
Valérie Bemeriki .............................................................................................................. 80Stéphanie Nyirasafari ....................................................................................................... 82Agenesta Mukarutamu ...................................................................................................... 82
THE UNTHINKABLE: NUNS WHO JOINED THE KILLERS .................................... 84
Sister Gertrude Mukangango and Sister Julienne Kizito of Sovu, Butare ....................... 84Sister Bernadette Mukarusine, Sister Bénédicte Mukanyangezi, Sister JosephineUzamukunda and Sister Pétronile Nyirabirori of Shyorongi, Greater Kigali ..................102Sister Elizabeth of Nyamasheke 104
TEACHERS AND SCHOOL INSPECTORS .................................................................... 106
Angéline Mukandutiye ..................................................................................................... 106Bernadette Nyirabukeye ................................................................................................... 111
WHEN HEALERS BECOME KILLERS: DOCTORS, NURSES & EMPLOYEES OFMEDICAL INSTITUTIONS ...............................................................................................113
Elianne Mukahirwa .......................................................................................................... 114 Nurses at the University Hospital in Butare (HUNR) ...................................................... 117Employees of the University Centre for Public Health (CUSP) ...................................... 120Dr. Jeanne Nduwamariya ................................................................................................. 124Mme Siméon Remera ....................................................................................................... 128 Nurses at Kigali Central Hospital (CHK) ........................................................................ 129Josephine Mukaruhungo ................................................................................................... 132Laurence Nkundabanyanga and Patricie Kanyarengwe, Maternity Hospital, Gisenyi .... 133
CONCLUSION ...................................................................................................................... 136

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