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La fibre optique

La fibre optique

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Published by هشام درياس

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Published by: هشام درياس on Oct 19, 2009
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04/04/2013

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1
CNAM
Cours B11 - TRANSMISSION DES TELECOMMUNICATIONS - Partie 2 - Chapitre 5

- Qu\u2019est-ce qu\u2019une fibre optique ?
- Principes de base
- Monomode / Multimode
- Att\u00e9nuation, fen\u00eatres de propagation
- Principales caract\u00e9ristiques
- Transmission sur fibre optique
- Boucle Locale Optique

La fibre optique
2
CNAM
Cours B11 - TRANSMISSION DES TELECOMMUNICATIONS - Partie 2 - Chapitre 5
- Le signal lumineux est propag\u00e9 dans et \u00e0 proximit\u00e9 du c\u0153ur.
- La gaine optique sert essentiellement \u00e0 amener le diam\u00e8tre \u00e0 125\u00b5m, pour
des raisons m\u00e9caniques.
- Le rev\u00eatement sert \u00e0 prot\u00e9ger la fibre optique.
Diam\u00e8tre 0,25 mm
Rev\u00eatement plastique
Gaine optique (Silice)
C\u0153ur (Silice)
Diam\u00e8tre 0,125 mm
La fibre optique
3
CNAM
Cours B11 - TRANSMISSION DES TELECOMMUNICATIONS - Partie 2 - Chapitre 5
-L\u2019indice de r\u00e9fraction n :
Dans un mat\u00e9riau transparent, l\u2019indice de r\u00e9fraction mesure la
vitesse de la lumi\u00e8re par rapport \u00e0 sa vitesse dans le vide
- Loi de Snell-Descartes :
v = c/n
n1sin\u03b8
\u03b8\u03b8
\u03b81=n2sin \u03b8
\u03b8\u03b8
\u03b82
Si n1 > n2 le rayon s'\u00e9carte de la normale.
Si\u03b8
\u03b8\u03b8
\u03b81 > arcsin (n2/n1), il y a r\u00e9flexion totale.
n2
n1
\u03b8
\u03b8\u03b8
\u03b82
\u03b8
\u03b8\u03b8
\u03b81
La fibre optique

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