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Dioxin Hot Spot Study

Dioxin Hot Spot Study

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Vietnamese men near old U.S. base highly exposed to dioxins
Vietnamese men near old U.S. base highly exposed to dioxins

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Published by: Children Of Vietnam Veterans Health Alliance on Mar 17, 2014
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Serum Dioxin Levels in Vietnamese Men more than 40 Years afterHerbicide Spraying
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Ho Dung ManhTeruhiko KidoRie OkamotoSun XianLiangLe Thai AnhSupratman SupratmanShoko MaruzeniMuneko NishijoHideaki NakagawaSeijiro HonmaTakeshi NakanoTakumi TakasugaDang Duc NhuNguyen Ngoc HungLe Ke Son
 
 
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Section:Toxicology
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Abstract
Ho Dung Manh †‡, Teruhiko Kido §*, Rie Okamoto §,Sun XianLiang †, Le Thai Anh †, SupratmanSupratman †, Shoko Maruzeni , Muneko Nishijo ,Hideaki Nakagawa , Seijiro Honma , TakeshiNakano #, Takumi Takasuga , Dang Duc Nhu
,Nguyen Ngoc Hung
, and Le Ke Son
 Division of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, 5-11-80Kodatsuno, Kanazawa 920-8640, Japan
 Faculty of Environmental Engineering andBiotechnology, Lac Hong University, No.10 Huynh Van Nghe, Buu Long, Bien Hoa, Dong Nai, Vietnam
§
 Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Medical Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, KanazawaUniversity, 5-11-80 Kodatsuno, Kanazawa 920-8640, Japan Department of Public Health, Kanazawa Medical University, 1-1 Daigaku, Uchinada, Ishikawa 920-8641, Japan ASKA Pharma Medical Co. Ltd., 5-36-1 Shimosakunobe, Kawasaki 213-8522, Japan
 Center for Advanced Science and Innovation, Osaka University, Osaka 560-0043, Japan Shimadzu Techno-Research Inc., Kyoto 604-8435, Japan
 10-80 Division, Hanoi Medical University, No.1 Ton That Tung, Dong Da, Hanoi, Vietnam
 Environment Administration, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, 67 Nguyen Du Street,Hanoi, Vietnam
Environ. Sci. Technol.
, Article ASAP
DOI:
10.1021/es404853hPublication Date (Web): February 19, 2014
Copyright © 2014 American Chemical Society
*Tel: +81-76-265-2565; fax+81-76-265-2565; e-mail: kido@mhs.mp.kanazawa-u.ac.jp.
 Author Present Address
School of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vietnam National University, 144 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi,Vietnam
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Manh, Ho Dung
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Just Accepted ManuscriptFebruary 19, 2014Received: October 30, 2013Accepted: February 19, 2014Revised: February 15, 2014
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Recent studies have found elevated dioxin levels inside some U.S. military former air basesin Vietnam, known as hotspots. Many studies of Agent Orange have been done in U.S.veterans; however, there is little known about Vietnamese men. In 2010, we collected bloodsamples from 97 men in a hotspot and 85 men in an unsprayed area in Northern Vietnam.Serum concentrations of not only TCDD but also other dioxins (PCDDs), furans (PCDFs), andnonortho polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were significantly higher in the hotspot than inthe unsprayed area. In the hotspot, three subareas were demarcated, based on theirproximity to the air base. The total toxic equivalents (TEQ) of PCDDs/PCDFs+PCBs was 41.7pg/g lipid in the area closest to the air base, while it was around 29 pg/g lipid in the othertwo subareas. In the unsprayed area, the dioxin levels were no different between men whowent to the South during the Vietnam War and those who remained in the North, with TEQsPCDDs/PCDFs+PCBs of around 13.6 pg/g lipid. Our findings suggested that people living close
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