(Theory, Classification, & Applications)
Engr. Syed Muhammad Munavvar Hussain 10/18/2009
uring the operation of the power systems, it is oftendesirable and necessary to switch on or off the variouscircuits (e.g., transmission lines, distributors,generating plants etc.) under both normal and faulty conditions. Previously this function was performed by a switch and a fuse inseries with the circuit. However, such a means of control presentstwo disadvantages. Firstly, when fuse blows out,it takes quitesometime to replace it and restore the supply to the customers. Secondly,a fuse can not successfully interrupt the heavy fault currents that occuron the modern high voltage power systems and large capacity circuits. Therefore, with the advancement in the power systems, there was a needto develop a more reliable means of control. The circuit breaker was developed to switch on andoff thevarious circuits of a power system.
Devices used for circuit breaking (or making)
Fuse and ironclad switches
is an over current switch in the sense that when the current exceeds a pre-assigned value in a circuit or device, it melts and causes the current interruption. Thesupply is restored only when a healthy fuse replaces the damaged (melted) one in theline. To permit this without any danger of shock to the operator, fuses are connected onthe load side of an