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TALAT Lecture 1255: Metallurgical Background to Alloy Selection and Specifications for Wrought, Cast and Special Applications

TALAT Lecture 1255: Metallurgical Background to Alloy Selection and Specifications for Wrought, Cast and Special Applications

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Published by CORE Materials
This lecture outlines the metallurgical principles of alloy selection and specifications. Basic knowledge of physics and chemistry and some familiarity with TALAT lectures 1201 through 1205 is assumed.
This lecture outlines the metallurgical principles of alloy selection and specifications. Basic knowledge of physics and chemistry and some familiarity with TALAT lectures 1201 through 1205 is assumed.

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TALAT Lecture 1255

Metallurgical Background to Alloy Selection and
Specifications for Wrought, Cast and Special
Applications

16 pages, 17 Figures
Advanced level I

prepared by M H Jacobs
Interdisciplinary Research Centre in Materials
The University of Birmingham, UK

Objectives:
Outline of the metallurgical principles of alloy selection and specifications.
Prerequisites:
Basic knowledge of physics and chemistry. Familiarity with the contents of Lectures
1201 through 1205.
Date of Issue: 1999
\ue000EAA - European Aluminium Association
TALAT 1255
2
1255 Metallurgical Background to Alloy Selection
and Specifications for Wrought, Cast and
Special Applications
Contents (17 Figures)
1255 Metallurgical Background to Alloy Selection and Specifications for
Wrought, Cast and Special Applications___________________________________2
1255.01 Wrought alloys____________________________________________________ 3
1255.01.01
Designation of wrought alloys_________________________________________3
1255.01.02
Wrought alloy selection______________________________________________5
1255.02 Cast alloys________________________________________________________ 7
1255.03 Aerospace alloys___________________________________________________ 9
1255.03.01
Fine tuning of established alloys_______________________________________10
1255.03.02
Aluminium-Lithium based alloys______________________________________11
1255.04 Novel processing and special alloys__________________________________ 12
1255.04.01
Hot Isostatic Processing of Aluminium Castings__________________________12
1255.04.02
Particulate processing_______________________________________________13
1255.04.03
Particulate Metal Matrix Composites___________________________________14
1255.04.04
Rapid solidification processing (RSP)__________________________________15
1255.05 References_______________________________________________________ 16
1255.06 List of Figures___________________________________________________ 16
TALAT 1255
3
1255.01 Wrought alloys

The majority of aluminium used in engineering applications is in the wrought form [1]; that is, as rolled plate, sheet and foil, extrusions, tube, bar and wire (the remainder are casting alloys and alloys produced by special processing - we will consider these later in this TALAT lecture).

The number of alloys available to the engineer is large, but can be divided into two main groups; non-heat treatable alloys and heat treatable alloys. Before looking at the characteristics of these two classes of wrought alloy, let us first define the modern method of designation of wrought alloys and their processing.

1255.01.01
Designation of wrought alloys
The International Designation System for wrought alloys is reproduced below in
Table 1 and also in Figure 1255.01.01.
AA Designation
Major alloying elements
1xxx
None
) Non - heat treatable
3xxx
Mn
)
4xxx
Si
) Non - heat treatable
5xxx
Mg
)
2xxx
Cu
)
6xxx
Mg + Si
) Heat treatable
7xxx
Zn
)
8xxx
Other
)
Table 1. Designation of wrought aluminium alloys.

In this four digit classification system, the first digit identifies the major alloying elements(s). The remaining three digits are used as serial numbers to identify particular alloy types. For the 1xxx series there is some logic in the designations; for example, in alloys of commercial purity, the xxx signifies the degree of purity - 1080 signifies aluminium of purity 99.80 wt%. For the remaining wrought alloys the xxx in the designation has no systematic code and the reader is referred to texts such as that provided by the Aluminium Federation [2].

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