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TALAT Lecture 2402: Design Recommendations for fatigue loaded structures

TALAT Lecture 2402: Design Recommendations for fatigue loaded structures

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Published by CORE Materials
This lecture presents calculation of design stresses for variable stress ratios in practice, explanation on the background of design recommendations; it demonstrates the concept of partial safety factors and supply appropriate background information for aluminium; it enables the designer to evaluate service behavior of structural details on a more sophisticated level applying the same principles as in current design recommendations; it provides understanding of the fatigue design procedure according to current recommendations. Background knowledge in engineering, materials and fatigue as well as some knowledge in statistics is required.
This lecture presents calculation of design stresses for variable stress ratios in practice, explanation on the background of design recommendations; it demonstrates the concept of partial safety factors and supply appropriate background information for aluminium; it enables the designer to evaluate service behavior of structural details on a more sophisticated level applying the same principles as in current design recommendations; it provides understanding of the fatigue design procedure according to current recommendations. Background knowledge in engineering, materials and fatigue as well as some knowledge in statistics is required.

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Published by: CORE Materials on Oct 19, 2009
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TALAT 2402
1
TALAT Lecture 2402
Design Recommendations for Fatigue Loaded
Structures
60 pages, 36 figures
Advanced Level
prepared by Dimitris Kosteas, Technische Universit\u00e4t M\u00fcnchen
Objectives:
\u2212 Calculation of design stresses for variable stress ratios in practice, explanation on the
background of design recommendations
\u2212 To teach the concept of partial safety factors and supply appropriate background
information for aluminium
\u2212 To enable the designer to evaluate service behaviour of structural details on a more
sophisticated level applying the same principles as in current design
recommendations
\u2212 To provide understanding of the fatigue design procedure according to current
recommendations
Prerequisites:
\u2212 Background knowledge in engineering, materials and fatigue as well as some
knowledge in statistics required
Date of Issue: 1994
\u00a9
EAA - European Aluminium Association
TALAT 2402
2
2402 Design Recommendations for Fatigue Loaded
Structures
Table of Contents
2402 Design Recommendations for Fatigue Loaded Structures................................2
2402.01 The R-Ratio Effect...................................................................................... 4
Data Background......................................................................................................5
Data Evaluations......................................................................................................5
Stage II Evaluation............................................................................................... 7
Stage III Evaluation.............................................................................................. 9

Drafting a Proposal for the Factor f(R)..................................................................13 Final ERAAS Design Proposal for f(R).................................................................15 Residual Stress Effects...........................................................................................16 Appendix................................................................................................................18

2402.02 Safety and Reliability................................................................................ 19

Reliability Concept................................................................................................19 Partial Safety Factor Concept................................................................................23 Concept of Fatigue Design Curves........................................................................25

2402.03 Background on Current Design Recommendations.............................. 26
European Recommendations ERAAS Fatigue Design 1992.................................26

Full-Size Component Testing and Analysis........................................................ 27 Detail Classification and Design Curves............................................................ 32 The S-N Slope Proposal...................................................................................... 33 Comparison to Steel Codes................................................................................. 35

The British Standard 8118: 1991..........................................................................38

Data Sources....................................................................................................... 39 Data Analysis and Detail Classification............................................................. 41 Design Curves..................................................................................................... 42 Classification of Details...................................................................................... 42

Comparison between ERAAS and BS 8118..........................................................43
TALAT 2402
3
2402.04 Fatigue Design Calculation Example: Gusset Plate Welded on Edge of
Tubular Element....................................................................................................... 47
Design Procedure...................................................................................................47
Calculation Example after ERAAS.......................................................................49

Loading............................................................................................................... 50 Classification of Structural Detail...................................................................... 50 Fatigue Assessment............................................................................................. 50 Concluding Remarks........................................................................................... 52

Utilising the TUM-ALFABET Software...............................................................53
Calculation Example after BS 8118.......................................................................53

Loading............................................................................................................... 54 Classification of Structural Detail...................................................................... 54 Fatigue Assessment............................................................................................. 55 Concluding Remarks........................................................................................... 56

Literature References for Lecture 2402.04............................................................57
2402.05 Literature/References................................................................................. 58
2402.06 List of Figures.............................................................................................. 59

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