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TALAT Lecture 5204: Organic Coating of Aluminium

TALAT Lecture 5204: Organic Coating of Aluminium

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Published by CORE Materials
This lecture describes the different steps of the coating process and gives information about the test methods; it helps to select organic coatings for the protection of aluminium or to achieve specific surface properties. Some knowledge of corrosion protection and surface pretreatments of aluminium and familiarity with the subject matter covered in TALAT This lectures 5101, 5102, 5201, 5202 is assumed.
This lecture describes the different steps of the coating process and gives information about the test methods; it helps to select organic coatings for the protection of aluminium or to achieve specific surface properties. Some knowledge of corrosion protection and surface pretreatments of aluminium and familiarity with the subject matter covered in TALAT This lectures 5101, 5102, 5201, 5202 is assumed.

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TALAT Lecture 5204
Organic Coating of Aluminium
16 pages, 8 figures
Level: Advanced I
prepared by J. Vereecken, Vrije Universiteit Brussels
Objectives:
\u2212 To describe the different steps of the coating process and to give information about the
test methods
\u2212 To select organic coatings for the protection of aluminium or to achieve specific surface
properties
Prerequisites:
\u2212 Knowledge of corrosion protection and surface pretreatments of aluminium
\u2212 TALAT Lectures 5101, 5102, 5201, 5202
Date of Issue: 1994
\ue000EAA - European Aluminium Association
TALAT 5204
2
5204
Organic Coating of Aluminium
Table of Contents
5204Organic Coating of Aluminium...............................................................2

5204.01 Reasons for Painting Aluminium............................................................ 3 5204.02 Terms and Definitions of Organic Coatings........................................... 3 5204.03 Methods of Application............................................................................ 4 5204.04 Organic Coating Systems......................................................................... 5

Surface Preparation..................................................................................................6
Pretreatment for Powder Coatings, Paints and Lacquers.................................. 7
Pretreatment for Electrophoretic Coatings........................................................ 8
Primer.......................................................................................................................8
Finishing Paints........................................................................................................8
5204.05 Quality Control of Finished Products................................................... 11
Test Methods..........................................................................................................11
5204.06 Literature.................................................................................................16
5204.07 List of Figures............................................................................................ 16
TALAT 5204
3
5204.01
Reasons for Painting Aluminium
The main reasons for painting aluminium alloys are (Figure 5204.01.01)

\u2212 decoration (which includes colouring);
\u2212 resistance to corrosion
\u2212 several functional reasons, e.g.

tribology
solar radiation absorption
insulating against heat and electricity
alu
Training in Aluminium Application Technologies
Objectives
! most important factor for
paint adhesion and
corrosion resistance
Surface Preparation for Painting: Objectives
5204.01.01

Increase
Corrosion
Resistance

Surface Preparation

Increase
Adhesion
of Paint

Functions
Decoration
Surface Preparation for Painting: Objectives
5204.02
Terms and Definitions of Organic Coatings
The main components of paint and lacquers are binder, pigment and volatile solvents and
thinners.
The binder is responsible for the coherence within the paint film and for its adherence to
the substrate. Sometimes, if the binder is brittle a plasticizer is added.

The pigment is primarily responsible for colour and hiding power but it plays an important role for the physical properties of the film. In anti corrosion primers the pigments have inhibitive or rust preventing properties. In top paints the pigments are flake-like particles in order to increase the oxygen diffusion path.

A solvent is used if the binder is a solid substance at ambient temperature. The solvent is of importance not only for the applicability of the paint but affects also adherence and other properties.

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