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ACF Subsistence Fish Farming

ACF Subsistence Fish Farming

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This Action Against Hunger manual describes the elements necessary for the installation of fish farms, keeping in mind costs, time constraints, and resources. The handbook provides managers in the field and in headquarters with a step-by-step guide to make consumable fish available to communities in Africa.
This Action Against Hunger manual describes the elements necessary for the installation of fish farms, keeping in mind costs, time constraints, and resources. The handbook provides managers in the field and in headquarters with a step-by-step guide to make consumable fish available to communities in Africa.

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Published by: Action Against Hunger / ACF-USA on Oct 20, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/13/2013

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 ACF - INTERNATIONAL NETWORK 
The subsistence shfarmingin Africa: Technical Manual
 Yves FERMON
In collaboration with:
 
Subsistence fishfarming in Africa
ii
Cover photos:
 
Ö
Top right:
Tilapia zillii 
- © Anton Lamboj
 
Ö
Top left: Pond built by ACF in DRC, 2008 - © François Charrier 
 
Ö
Bottom: Beneciaries in front of the pond they have done, Liberia, ASUR, 2006 - © Yves Fermon
 
Subsistence fishfarming in Africa
III
In this work, it is a question of providing a guide: 
¾
To program managers and their technical teams, 
¾
To managers at headquarters to monitor the success of programs.This manual covers:
 
Ö
The various stages of setting up a «shfarming» program,
 As of the arrival on the ground, it is a question of evaluating the renewable resources present, the
needs for the populations and the already existing supply in sh. Then, a whole process is connectedinvolving the technical sides of the installation of sh ponds, follow-ups of the biological aspectsof the ponds. Finally, it is a question of managing and of carrying out a follow-up of the ponds andproduction of sh.
Ö
The constraints that must be taken into account by the eld actors.
Various constraints will inuence the choice for the development of sh production or not andwhat kind of techniques for a good t with human needs and the environment. They are environmen-
tal, in conjunction with the available resources, geomorphology, climate and hydrology of the area ofintervention. But they are also a social and cultural development, with the beliefs and taboos, landissues and laws. The fact that, according the region of intervention, the ethnic and social groups andcountries, modes of intervention will be different.
WHY ANOTHER HANDBOOK?
Several organizations have published manuals for the establishment of sh farms in Africa.The rst books calling systems in place at the time of the colonial system, but as a sh produc-tion for food self-sufciency. However, after many trials, the majority of them has proved unsustai-
nable in the longer term, for various reasons.The studies undertaken by different agencies of national or international research as the World
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Fish Center (formerly ICLARM), CIRAD, IRD (ex ORSTOM), Universities of Louvain and Liège ... haveprovided evidence concerning the failures and have provided solutions and contributions to knowle
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dge in both technical, social or biological species used.
However, looking at all the works, one can put forward four points:
 
9
Most handbooks are intended for production systems of sh for sale, involving:
 
¾
 A temporal investment which can become important and which leads to a professio
-
nalisation. This requires a technology with the appropriate training of technicians on aspects of
reproduction, nutrition or health of sh, either for the establishment of systems to produce foodto feed all the sh... Application requires external inputs whose supply may become a barrier for
small producers. 
¾
Financial investment for, sometimes, land, establishment of ponds, the use of workers,
qualied technicians…
OBJECTIVES OF THE MANUAL

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