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Experiments in Organic Chemistry by Fieser 2nd Ed 1941

Experiments in Organic Chemistry by Fieser 2nd Ed 1941

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EXPERIMENTS
IN
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
BY
LOUIS
F.
FIESER
Sheldon Emery Professor
of
Organic ChemistryHarvard University
SECOND EDITION
D.
C. HEATH AND COMPANY
BOSTON
NEW
YORK CHICAGOATLANTA
SAN
FRANCISCO DALLASLONDON
 
COPYRIGHT, 1941
BY
D. C. HEATH AND COMPANY
No part of the material covered by thiscopyright may be reproduced in any formwithout written permission of the publisher.
4B7PBINTBD IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
 
PREFACE
A brief statement of the general policy adopted in the constructionof this book perhaps will reveal most easily the points of departurefrom the manuals already available for use in laboratory courses ofelementary organic chemistry. It has become the practice in thiscountry to provide the beginning student with carefully standardizedand detailed directions, in order that a good technique may be acquiredwith the greatest possible economy of time and materials, and to thispolicy I subscribe wholeheartedly. There is no novelty in the prefer-ence for preparations rather than experiments involving only testreactions, or in the opinion that the most stimulating and usefulpreparations are those which proceed smoothly and in good yield.It is hardly necessary in these days to state that every effort has beenmade to keep the cost of chemicals at a minimum, and a few prepara-tions which have become old favorites have been abandoned regret-fully for this reason. Careful attention has been given to the matterof utilizing the products accumulating from one experiment as startingmaterials for other preparations, for this plan is both economical andinstructive.Less orthodox is the view that some of the reactions of aliphaticchemistry can be illustrated perfectly well, and to considerableadvantage, with the use of aromatic compounds. Some of the trans-formations characteristic of the aldehydes, acids, halides, and estersproceed particularly well when simple aromatic substances are em-ployed as the starting materials, and the use of such substancespermits greater diversity and often provides a welcome change fromthe succession of preparations involving only liquid reagents andliquid products. The early introduction of compounds containingthe "mysterious" phenyl group does not appear to be at all confusingto the students or to detract from their interest, at a later period,in the chemistry of the benzene nucleus. It may be said in thisconnection that the Grignard reaction offers no great difficulties whenintroduced at a time corresponding to the elaboration in the lecturesiii

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