considerably. The provision of cold storage facilities as has been experiencedwould1.Prevent wastage of food stuffs2.Ensure remunerative prices to the producer which would in itself provide theincentive for increased production3.Ensure steady supplies over a longer period of time4.Stabilize pricesIt is therefore, desirable to set up a chain of cold storage and frozen food storageespecially in the major producing and consuming centers, if feasible.There are many kinds of vegetables and fruits and other food stuffs which can bestored in cold stores for periods ranging from two weeks to over eight months. As per the report of NAFED shows that the total capacity available now inMaharashtra is about 200,000 M.T. which is meager, as compared to the capacitiesavailable in states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Punjab etc. It is,therefore clear that a good scope exists for establishing additional cold storagefacilities in Maharashtra.
1.2 General Information on Storage of Various Commodities
The refrigerated storage which includes the cold storage and frozen storage is oneof the best known methods of preservation of food stuffs to retain the food valueand flavor. Although, refrigeration is an expensive process, the cold storage unitesof properly selected capacities can be economically viable. The economic conceptof the cold storage is that the storage cost must be less than the difference in priceof the commodity stored, between flush and lean season.In case of fruits and vegetables, the post cold storage period is an importantconsideration for deciding whether the cold storage could be located at the producing or the consuming items like potatoes, apples, Raisins, Tamarind andsome other Dry fruits and spices have a better post cold storage life and therefore,