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denim washing

denim washing

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Published by Aamir Shabbir
denim to apparel
denim to apparel

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Published by: Aamir Shabbir on Oct 20, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/11/2013

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PROJECT REPORT
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
 PRESTON UNIVERSITY
1
MSWord ExportTo Multiple PDFFilesSoftware - Please purchase license.
Preface
 
All praise is to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, the most Beneficent, the most Mercifuland every grace of Allah is on His Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H), who is always a sourceof knowledge and guidance for humanity as a whole.It is a matter of great satisfaction and pleasure for us to present this project. This projectreport is a part of our Degree program which is done during fourth year of our studies. Wechose Denim sector of Textile field as it is a Shinning, growing and challenging field.The entire contents of this report are based on our project in US DENIM. Our majoremphasis has been on process, machine and product with the calculations involved. Wehave included in this project report the technical as well as the Mechanical aspects. Wemoved department wise covering various aspects. These days of Industrial trainingenhanced our spirit, courage and confidence. We also improved our presentation andtechnical skills.Even though every precaution has been taken, it may be possible that anymistake(s) is found. We will feel grateful, if it is intimate.
 
PROJECT REPORT
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
 PRESTON UNIVERSITY
2
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
First of all we thank Almighty Allah who brought this moment in our life when we came inUS DENIM for the project. It has been a great experience to work with all of you and weare feeling proud that we can say we have worked in US DENIM which is not only one ofthe best DENIM manufacturer & Exporters in Pakistan but also all over the world andwhere the management and the workers have demonstrated a very good performance inall areas of the business.US DENIM is a dynamic organization with professionals loving and professionals makingsetup. As it is said “Time Spent in Training is time Well-spent”. The golden time, which wespend here and the practical, conceptual and industry- related knowledge, which wegained here will be a milestone in our professional carrier.We would like to thanksUS DENIM MANAGEMENTMr. Asif (HR Manager US Denim)Mr. Haroon (Admin)Mr. Bilal Tariq (Production Manager)Mr. Faisal (MT)US APPAREL MANAGEMENTMr. khurram (HR Manager US Apparel)Mr. Hanif KhanWe are grateful to our class advisor
Mr. KASHIF MUNIR
for arranging this project.We always remember the hospitality we received during our stay at the US DENIM. Weare privileged to work with experienced personnel, who are the master of their skill andfield. Their ever supporting behavior, kind advice, and professional approach taught ushow to perform tough and critical tasks with utmost ease.We have very much enjoyed being amongst wonderful people. We wish each and everyone everlasting progress, success and of course wish US DENIM a very prosperousfuture.
 
PROJECT REPORT
 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
 PRESTON UNIVERSITY
3
TABLEOFCONTENTS
 
Contents
 _________________________________________________________________________________________ 
U S Denim Introduction . . . . . .. . . . . . ..….. . .…………..….. .. ... . . . . . . . . . . . .5
History Of Denim. . . . . .. . ………… . . . ………….. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . ………... . .6
 
Types Of Denim…………………………………………………………….10
Introduction of Cotton………………..……………………... . . . . . ………….…….13
Yarn Manufacturing…………………..…………………..…. . . . . . …………….....14
Warping………………………………..………………..…….. . . . . . ……………....16
 
Warping in U S Denim……………………………………………………...19
 
Warping Plan………………………………………………………………...22
Dyeing………………………………….……………..…….…. . . . . . ………….......24
 
Sulphur Dye………………………………………………………………….25
 
Vat Dye……………………………..…….………………….....……...........30
 
Denim Dyeing……………………..…….……………………...….……......33
 
Rope Dyeing……………………..………….…………………...……….....38
 
Dyeing in U S Denim………………………………………………………..44
Rebeaming…………………………………...………………. . . . . . …….………...46
Sizing……………………………………………….…………. . . . . . ………….…...47
Weaver’s Beam……………………………...………………. . . . . . ……….……...48
Weaving……………….……………………...……….……. . . . . . ….……………..49
 
Air-Jet Weaving…………………..…………….…. . . . . . …….…..….....51
 
Weaving in U S Denim…………………..………. . . . . . ……..…..….....54
Finishing…………………………….…….………..………….…. . . . . . ………......56
 
Singeing…………………………………..…….…...................….…….....58
 
Mercerizing……………………………..…………...………….….………..62
 
Stenter…………………………………..……………………………..….....64
 
Sanforizing…………………………………………………………………...65
Inspection Department……………………..……………………. . . . . . …….…...68
Packing……………………………………..……………….……. . . . . . ……..…...70
Faults……………………………….……………………….…………. .. . . ……....71

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