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Used Cooking Oil as an Additive Component of Candle

Used Cooking Oil as an Additive Component of Candle

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Published by 03jayvee11

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Published by: 03jayvee11 on Oct 20, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Used Cooking Oil as an Additive Component of Candle
Today, candles are made not only for lighting purposes but for many other uses such ashome décor, novelty collections, as fixtures for big occasions (weddings, baptismals, etc.), andas scented varieties for aromatherapy. Candles are made from different types of waxes and oils.Cooking oil is a major kitchen item in Filipino households. It is also used substantially infast-food outlets, where it is used in different stages of food preparations. Ordinarily,used cooking oil is discarded. This waste oil pollutes and clogs canals andsewerage systems.
The study aims to produce a low-priced, high-quality candle by usingused cooking oil as a major component. The following candlecompositions were used: 100 percent paraffin wax; 90 percent paraffin and 10 percent oil; 80 percent paraffin and 20 percent oil; 70 percent paraffin and 30 percent oil; 60 percent paraffinand 40 percent oil; 50 percent paraffin and 50 percent oil. The firmness, texture, and lightintensity of the candles were tested and compared.Results of the tests showed that the candle made from 100 percent paraffin wax had the lowest melting rate, lowest amount of meltedcandle, and alight intensity of 100 candelas (cd). The 90:10 preparation had the next lowest melting rate andamount of melted candle. The other preparations ranked according to the proportion of used cooking oilin the candle, with the 50:50 preparation performing least comparably with the 100 percent paraffin waxcandle.
Cassava starch as an effective component forIdeal Biodegradable Plastic
Inventions have evolved and continue to evolve such that after several years of study,research and experimentation reach great developments. With continuing efforts to investigatethe constituents of Philippine plants, we have pursued investigation of starch of the cassava plant (Manihot esculenta). Cassava tubers were gathered, ground and squeezed to extract starch.Starch obtained was weighed and divided into three equal parts; 80 grams in T1, T2 and T3.Treatments also consisted of 60 ml plastic resin glueand resin with 50 grams of flour catalyst for T1, 100 grams for T2 and 150 grams in T3. The components in every treatment weremixed, stirred and then poured in silk screen with oil and then sun-dried. Test for capacity tocarry weight indicated T3 as the best. For its ability to hold water, all products passed but for  biodegradability, T1 gave the best results. The tensile and bending properties had been testedusing theUniversal Testing Machineand Analysis showed that T3 had the greatest tensilestrength while T2 had the greatest bending property. Using ANOVA single Factor, resultsshowed that there was significant difference among the three treatments in bending and tensilestrength. However, for biodegradability test there was no significant difference. The final phaseof the study determined the effectiveness of cassava starch as component of biodegradable plastic. Results confirmed that cassava starch is ideal as tests proved its worth.

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