Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
0 of .
Results for:
P. 1
ATPL Summary

# ATPL Summary

Ratings:

4.83

(12)
|Views: 11,934 |Likes:

### Availability:

See more
See less

01/13/2013

pdf

text

original

- 1 -
Formulas / ATPL theory summary
(Rob Groothuis)
Index ATPL
Page 2 to 2 Handy formulas / guidelines generalPage 3 to 14 Formulas all subjectsPage 15 to 18 General navigationPage 19 to 26 MeteorologyPage 27 to 31 InstrumentationPage 32 to 33 Communications VFR / IFR Page 34 to 34 Mass and balancePage 35 to 36 Flight planningPage 37 to 41 Human performance & limitationsPage 42 to 45 Radio navigationPage 46 to 48 Principles of flightPage 49 to 56 Aviation lawPage 57 to 57 Operational proceduresPage 58 to 59 PerformancePage 60 to 60 Aircraft general knowledge

- 2 -
Handy formulas/guidelines general
**PUSH THE HEAD AND PULL THE TAIL**

intercepting NDB QDR/QDM
×=
60)(
angle glidepath ft height  glidepath

distance (ft)
≈
(300 ft/nm)
rate of descent (ft/min):GS x 5 = 3° glide pathclimb gradient =
60806000lim
××
TAS bcof rate
glide path in ° =
100...%

x 60
angle of bank in rate 1 turn =
10
TAS
+ 7 (approximation)radius of turn (NM) =
π
××
60
rateTAS
bankangle sm
×
tan10) / (
2
bankangle
cos1

= V
Stall
increasing factor
IAS

(position/instrument error)

RAS/CAS

(compressibility)

EAS

(density)

TAS
EAS =
densityrelative
x TAS (example: relative density = ¼ at 40000 ft) VOR’s variation at station / NDB’s variation at aircraft.relative bearing + true heading = true bearingQDR + var. = QTE (QDR = magnetic from station / QTE = true from station)QDM ± 180° = QDR (radial) /
QDM = ’’bearings on the RMI’’
(QDR = magnetic to)LSS (kt) =
)(94,38
°
[273°K = 0°C]LSS = 661 kt (at sea level at ISA temp.= 288 k)LSS = 573 kt (ISA tropopause temp.= 216,5 k)
LSS TAS nomach
=
.

- 3 -

departure (E/W) in NM =
∆
longitude (in minutes) x cosine latitude(earth) convergency =
∆
longitude x sine mean latitudeconversion angle = ½ x convergency
rumblinenorthern hemispheregreat circlesouthern hemisphere great circlerumbline
Mercator projection
; scale = scale x or ÷ cosine
∆
latitude ( x from equator / ÷ to equator)
simple conic / Lamberts projection
(chart) convergency =
∆
longitude x sine latitude (or parallel of origin / constant of the cone)
Polar stereographic
(chart) convergency =
∆
longitude

east

northsouth
east
∆
longitude from datum meridian(grid navigation) grivation = variation + convergence
×=
60
angle glidepathheight  glidepath

distance (ft)
(300 ft/nm)
rate of descent (ft/min)
GS (NM) x 5 (at 3° glide slope)glide path in ° =
100...%
x 60
LSS TAS nomach
=
.

)(94,38
LSS
°
[273°K = 0°C]time to
)()( /
H O H  E actionof radius PSR PNR
+×=
/ E= safe endurance, H=GS home, O=GS out.distance to
)(
O H  DCP
+×=
/ D=distance between airfields
point of equal time, moving into the wind.ISA
15°C / 1013,25 mb / 1225 Gr/M
3
= International Standard Atmosphere