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GSM Based Lighting Control System Using Microcontroller

GSM Based Lighting Control System Using Microcontroller

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06/02/2013

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GSM Based Lighting Control System Using Microcontroller EE 199Research ProposalRodelyn B. CañizaresB.S. Electrical Engineering
 
1.0 Introduction
1.1Background of the Study
Lighting is a major source of electricity consumption.Commercial public sector  buildings and residential houses account for 43% of the electricity used for lighting. Thereare common problems that home owners encountered in relation with lighting system. One of this is due to some negligence like leaving the lights ON results of having greater power consumption. This additional power consumption that wasted varies directly to our electrical bills. Another problem is for those busy home owners who will arrive home late at night;they want to have immediate access to turn on the lights to have preventive measures againstrobbery and crimes.On the other hand Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) technology ismost popular nowadays. Short Messages Services (SMS) using GSM is considered as thecheapest and reliable means of communication. The Philippines have the largest populationof mobile subscribers who uses text messaging as a means of communication. An average of 20 text messages is being sent daily by a subscriber. Because of this, the Philippines have been considered as the text capital of the world. On 2007 alone, there are 42.70 million people who are subscribers of mobile phones. [1]Mobile devices, such as mobile phones, are becoming multipurpose devices. Theresearcher proposes a system that allows the user to control lighting systems remotely usingmobile phones. It provides remote control via Short Messages Services (SMS) using GlobalSystem for Mobile Communication (GSM) technology. This system can be used when theuser is away from the place. The user only needs to use his cell phone in order to monitor andcontrol the lights in their house. This system is related on the past study which uses personalcomputer (PC) that contains the software components through which the lights andappliances are controlled and home security is monitored [2]. Regarding with this project, theresearcher wants to develop a system that uses a microcontroller instead of PC. Usingmicrocontroller will result to have a reduced size system and economical to digitally controleven more lights [3].
1.2Project Objectives
1.Build a control system that used to control lighting system using SMS feature of GSM technology.2.To use microcontroller to control the operation of the lighting system and makethe system economical compare with PC interfacing. 3.To develop software program to control the message received.
 
1.3Overview
Figure1-1. The block diagram of the GSM based Switch controlFigure 1-1 shows how the system operates. The system is based on GSM technologyfor transmission of SMS from sender to receiver. Mobile phone 2 received the SMS messagesent by mobile phone 1. As the mobile phone 2 is recognized by the microcontroller, then thereceived message sends to the microcontroller. The microcontroller read the message andsaves. Searching inside the SMS message for any control words available this is done byusing the appropriate program. The program will manage the SMS data and compares withavailable control words. When the program find the control words inside the message, then,the program will prepare to send the desired signals to the lighting system through relays.The program automatically deletes the saved message, so as to prepare to receive new SMSmessage.Mobile phone2Microcontroller LightSwitchRelayComparewith controlSMS Readingand savingSearching for control wordsResetPower supplyMobile phone1SMS

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