318 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW
man. Heretics were called in Syriac
We have also to take into consideration the derivation from the Arabic
meaning "to gather something," corresponding to the Hebrew
We find Jewish scholars named 9m in the late Gaonic period9 and Arabic books under the title t.A? tS5%U', meaning compendium.I0 The name Asaph is also found among the Syrians during the period under consider- ation. There is hence sufficient reason to assume that the Hebrew name of Hiwi was
The opponents of Hiwi in their polemics against him, even in books written in Hebrew, preferred the Arabic name because it sounded similar to win snake,
The accepted spelling of Hiwi's name is Hayawaihi or Hayawayh.'3 The usual pronunciation "Hiwi" or "H.iwwi"
See Jacob Levy, Worterbuch iiber die Talmudim und Midrashim, II, 19 s. v. ln, nn,
R. Payne Smith, Thesaurus syriacus, p. 1210 s. v. 2. and Lane's Arabic-English Lexicon, p. 681 s. v.
See Lane's Arabic-English Lexicon, p. 678 s. v.
See Jacob Mann, The Jews in Egypt I (Oxford, 1920), 40 n. 1; idem. Texts and Studies, I (Cincinnati, 1931), 133. Steinschneider (JQR 0. S. XIII, 131) and Poznanski (I. c.) are mistaken when they assert that we do not find the name
among Jews in postbiblical times.
The Arabic physician Abu Bakr al-Razi (Razes) called his medical encyclopedia
See P. Kraus and S. Pintes, "Al-Razi" in The Encyclopedia of Islam., III, 1134. Cf. M. Steinschneider, Hebraische Uebersetzungen, p. 723. Hai Gaon published a book under the title -nn nbtnb. See Harkavy, in anyow nmirn (1896) III, 94-96; idem,
oDzI Da VII, 1 in Gratz-Rabinowitz,
'w rin IV. B. Lewin, Ginze Kedem, III, 69ff.
A scholar named qDr is mentioned by Bar Hebraeus in his Chronicon Syriacum. See Monatsschrift VI, (1857), 277; Assemani, Bibliotheca orientalis, II, 313. On the legendary Jewish physician Asaf Judaeus, see L. Venetianer, Asaf Judaeus, Budapest, 1915. Cf. J. Derenbourg, REJ, XXV, 249; S. A. Poznanski, Hagoren, VII, p. 113.
Cf. Derenbourg, 1. c.
Poznanski in Hagoren, VII, 113 n. 3. He vocalizes iP1 '. This vocalization is accepted by Malter. See idem, Saadia Gaon. His Life and works, 384. Nemoy vocalizes
See idem, HUCA, Cincinnati,