Here are some quick reference guidelines: 1. In lotion, never use more than 30% oil unless you like the "shiny" or even greasyafter look. Sometimes I use less. 2. The least amount of water, the longer your blend will last. Try using a strongantioxidant tea or aloe vera as your water. At the very least use distilled water and bringit to a quick boil before adding to it. 3. Do your research and use ingredients that themselves are long lasting. 4. Use 1 tablespoon emulsifier or wax per ounce of oil. Melt into oil. 5. Honey is added to oil at 1% when desired. 6. When infusing herbs into oil, let them simmer for at least 3 hours. When infusingherbs into water, let them simmer at least 30-45 minutes. 7. Herbs, roots and tinctures are added to water at no more than 0.5% each andstrained well. 8. Potassium sorbate and citric acid work extremely well at 0.3% and in combinationwith a dash of cinnamon. Dissolve in your boiled water at the beginning. 9. Always add either Vitamin E at 0.5% or Rosemary extract at 0.3%, but not both, tothe oil mixture to keep the oil from going rancid and turning yellow in your lotion. 10. Stearic acid, xanthan gum or lecithin powder can be used at 1% - 2% to thicken.These are added to the oil mixture until dissolved.