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History of Nursing in Trinidad

History of Nursing in Trinidad

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Published by sabita_3

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Published by: sabita_3 on Oct 21, 2009
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In the 19th century these were the presence of nursing in the plantation “hospitals” on sugar estates during slavery for the provision of nursing care. They were trained nurses from England.1822:- A proclamation was signed authorizing the levying of a legacy duty in Trinidad toconstruct a building for medical attendants in Port Of Spain.1837:- Temporary Colonial Hospital established on Cambridge Street (upper St. Vincent Street between Park And Oxford Streets) in an old cinema,1848:- The General Board of Health was instituted which formed the embryonic stage of PublicHealth in Trinidad.1850’s:- Nurse Florence Nightingale was proclaimed “Lady of the Lamp” by soldiers during theCrimean War for now intense nursing practise to the casualties.1860:- The Lunatic Asylum was established in Belmont for the mentally ill.1861:- The Colonial hospital, San Fernando was instituted at the old Army Barracks (the oldAnte- Natal Clinic) on the present hospital compound.1889:- Post of Matron in charge of the kitchen was included in Nursing Structure1893:- The position of Superintendent of Nurses was approached as Colonial Hospital.1898:- Training of Midwives was provided through the Medical Board Ordinance for womenwho could read and write. These women were licensed as midwives after being in attendance of (10) cases of labour.SONG- FREEDOM.
Period 1930-1959
1930:- Certified Nurses Association of Trinidad and Tobago was founded at the ColonialHospital, San Fernando.1932:- Trained Nurses and Midwives Association was inaugurated at Port Of Spain ColonialHospital1933:-Both Nurses Association made continual representations to local authorities and severalCommittees and Royal Commissions sent from the Colonial Office in England to enquire intomatters affecting Nursing. Members gave evidence before these commissions.1934:- Medical Officers organised a course of lectures in Public Health Nursing based on amodified syllabus of the Royal Sanitary Institute. Participants paid for this education andattended same on their personal time. This was the first structured programme in Public Health Nursing Education.. Royal West India Commission recommended that increase attention should be paid to the training of nurses by such methods as the appointment of Sister Tutors andCentralization of training institutions.1935:- Name of the Lunatic Asylum was changed to Mental Hospital. Appointment of a SpecificBoard to standardize educational qualifications for entry into Nurse Training. Ward Sisters wereappointed from among the trained nurses at the hospitals.1938:- Memorandum submitted by both Nurses Association to the West India RoyalCommission (MOYNE COMMISSION) recommending
Registration for Nurses.
First unqualified Sister Tutor was appointed from Overseas Nursing Service to teach at ColonialHospital, Port of Spain.1940:- The first scholarship for nurses was granted for representatives of each of the twoAssociations to study at the West India School of Public Health Jamaica. The granting of suchscholarships was later assumed by the Government.1943:- Both Nurses Association again prepared a draft bill to provide registration of nurses in theColony.1944: Recommendations of the Russell Committee were:1.District Nurses to be trained as Health visitors2.Provision of an approved full time programme for Health Visiting.
3.Restoration of a three (3) year period of training for nurses recommended.4.Upgrading the minimum educational standard for entry into nursing to a SchoolCertificate.1952: Recruitment programme conducted by Nursing Council to attract suitable candidates fromsecondary school into nursing.1953:- Ms. Marjorie Houghton M.B.E. Education Officer, General Nursing Council of Englandand Wales insisted the hospitals to evaluate the quality of training for the purpose of grantingReciprocal Registration with the General Council of England and Wales.1954:- First locally trained nurses to be appointed as Senior Nursing Sister (NursingSupervisors.) New Colonial Hospital, San Fernando completed.1955:- Her Royal Highness Princess Margaret officially opened Colonial Hospital, SanFernando.1956:- Director of Medical Services Established an Educational Committee to formulate acomprehensive policy on Nursing Education to meet the varied needs of hospitals in the colony.This committee recommended the establishment of Central Preliminary Training School.Student nurses were no longer sent to gain experience in district hospitals.1957:- First qualified Sister Tutor appointed at Mental Hospital, St.Ann’s Nursing Council Ordinance amended to include the training and registration of male nurses,mental nurses1958:- Full Reciprocity obtained for locally trained nurses with Nurses with Nursing Council of England and Wales. Minister of Health, Water and Sanitation held a meeting with all qualifiedSister Tutors to discuss issues relating to the Professional Nurses under the exiting conditions.“Resulting from this a committee was set up to provide all three nursing schools with equipment;libraries and other resources which included structural improvements to one of the schools.1959:- Sister Tutor represented Trinidad and Tobago at the Conference of NursingAdministrators sponsored by the Federal Government in cooperation with British, Guyana,British Honduras, it was held in Barbados. The Association was also represented, thisConference wrote a Charter for the future direction of nursing in the Caribbean.Preliminary examination of Nursing Council was conducted in Part 1 and Part 2 for studentnurses. Nurse Practitioner programme discussion commenced.Staff Development programme in Primary Health Care and the Role of the Nurse.Song: Protrait of Trinidad – Distribution of Awards1960-1979.
PERIOD 1960 – 1979

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