UNIT 8 : LAYOUT OF SCIENCE LABORATORY
provide for new techniques and the natural expansion of the department. One of the major problems which arise is that of space. When new equipment is positioned the adverse effects itmay have on equipment already in existence, and conversely any which the existing equipmentmay have on the new, are important considerations. In many cases special provision must bemade for supporting either delicate or weighty items. The effects of local conditions such ashumidity, temperature, and the effect of sunlight, dust, draughts, noise and vibration, must also be given attention.
8.3Designing the laboratory
First, consider the laboratory in terms of its main features such as the walls, ceilings,floors and benches; then think about the other requirements which will give it life. This includeheating, lighting, ventilation (including fume extraction), drainage, and the supply services to benches and other furniture. The designer must incorporate these component parts of thelaboratory into a plan and must indicate clearly that he requires and the amount of money to bespent on the concerned. There have a lot of things that need to be think and do for design thelaboratory.
The laboratory benches can be categorized into fixed benches, and mobile benches. Whether the benches are fixed to the floor or are mobile depends on the usemade of them. Fixed benches are adequate for the present curriculum. But the newestcurriculum often demands mobile benches. The obvious advantages of fixed benches arethat water, gas and electric supplies can be fixed onto them and thus giving convenience