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Hardware and Networking

Hardware and Networking

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Published by SHRINIVAS
Complete basics of Hardware and networking
Complete basics of Hardware and networking

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Published by: SHRINIVAS on Oct 21, 2009
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10/20/2011

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Assemble of system. (Some Tips & Tricks)
It means to fit the parts of the system and make it final to use. Before assemble thesystem, you should remember the following steps.-Your hands and body must be dry-Put off the Power plug from the SMPS.-You should have the better knowledge of parts that you are going to add.-You need some space (3’x4’)-Make ready the entire Screwdriver, screws & other manual installationsguide before installations.-Don’t do the Hurry while you are assembling-After finishing the assemble part, Re check all the Parts that are seated & plugged properly.-Finally, plug the Power and SWTICH on, then do the further Process.
Choosing the Correct Cashing Box.
-Before assemble you should have the knowledge about AT & ATXMotherboard, if you have AT M/B then choose the AT cashing, If you haveATX M/B then choose the ATX Cashing Box.-Lay down cashing box horizontally, then add the SMPS properly andCheck other LEDS are available or Not,-Make sure that you have Screws on the Cashing Box to attach theMotherboard on it.
Adding the Motherboard on the System.
-First Take the M/B-Now Carefully attach it on the Cashing box-Match the Side of Keyboard / Mouse first Properly-Don’t make touch the Motherboard on the Cashing Box.-Properly the Skew the Screws & Pages.
Adding the CPU on the Motherboard.
-Turn off the compute-Make confirm that CPU is compatible with your Motherboard.-Notice the corner point which is pointed, and it do it on the Motherboard.-Unlock the CPU SLOT.-Now carefully add the CPU on the CPU Slot Properly by matching thePointed Corners.-Give Little Pressure and Lock the CPU Handle.-Finally add the Cooling Fan on the CPU and Add the Power of CoolingFan on the Power plug of System Fan.
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Adding the IDE on the Motherboard.
-First make confirm that you have IDE Cables of Good Condition.-Make the IDE Drives Master / Slave (Specially Make HDD PrimaryMaster and CD / DVD Slaves)-Now add the IDE and detect it later from BIOS Setup.
Adding the Floppy on the Motherboard.
-First make confirm that you have Floppy Cables of Good Condition.-Add the IDE Cable on the Motherboard and do same at Floppy and Addthe Power -Now Control it from BIOS Setup. ( if the Connection is not ok, then itkeeps Lighting the Indicator light continuously )
Adding the Power on the Motherboard.
-First match the side of Power supply-Now add it on the Motherboard Properly.
Adding the RAM on the Motherboard.
-First Make confirm that you have SD RAM or DDRAM.-Now take the RAM and unlock the sides of RAM MODULE.-Now carefully, add the RAM on the RAM Slot and Lock the Sides of RAM Module Sides.
Adding the PCI cards on the Motherboard.
-Before adding the PCI Cards on the Motherboard First Make confirm thatare compatible with your system and Compatible version of windows.-Now carefully add the PCI Card on the PCI Slot of M/B.-Now switch on the later add the Driver of PCI card.
Adding the LEDS
-This one is the main part of the assemble , don’t loose the Installationguide of Motherboard / Read carefully the caption of LEDS on theMotherboard.-Add Properly the LEDS By Checking-After Finishing all the Assemble Side Now add the Back plane SidesProperly and give and Power and Switch on the Powers
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B
OOT
 
The process of starting or resetting a computer. When first turned on (cold boot) or reset(warm boot), the computer runs the software that loads and starts the computer's operatingsystem, which prepares it for use.
B
OOT
F
ILES
 
The system files needed to start Windows. The boot files include Ntldr and Ntdetect.com.
B
OOT
L
OGGING
 
A process in which a computer that is starting (booting) creates a log file that records theloading of each device and service. The log file is called Ntbtlog.txt, and it is saved in thesystem root directory.
B
OOT
P
ARTITION
 
The partition that contains the Windows operating system and its support files. The boot partition can be, but does not have to be, the same as the system partition.
P
ARTITION
B
OOT
S
ECTOR 
 
A portion of a hard disk partition that contains information about the disk's file system anda short machine language program that loads the Windows operating system.
P
ARTITION
 
A portion of a physical disk that functions as though it were a physically separate disk.After you create a partition, you must format it and assign it a drive letter before you canstore data on it.On basic disks, partitions are known as basic volumes, which include primary partitionsand logical drives. On dynamic disks, partitions are known as dynamic volumes, whichinclude simple, striped, spanned, mirrored, and RAID-5 volumes.
H
ARDWARE
C
ONFIGURATION
 
Resource settings that have been allocated for a specific device. Each device on your computer has a hardware configuration, which may consist of IRQ lines, DMA, an I/O port, or memory address settings.
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