data up to 11 Mb/s . The newly developed802.11a standard further enhances thetransmission rate up to 54 Mb/s. Since 802.11baccess points and network adapters are cost-effective and these products can operateunlicensedly in the ISM bands, 802.11b systemshave been widely deployed in many in-door buildings and public spaces for wireless Internetaccess .Furthermore, in an outdoor environment,standard 802.11b equipments can transmit dataup to 100 meters away. With an enhancedantenna or increased transmit-power, they canalso transmit data more than 200 metersoutdoors. These features make 802.11b-basedinfrastructure feasible to provide inexpensive broadband wireless data access for users within acertain region such as campus or community.This paper will describe a new navigationenvironment that has broadband mobile Internetconnectivity, and the design of an AutoPC thatutilizes this environment to provide in-vehiclenavigation and location-based multimediaservices.
As the bandwidth of wireless local areanetwork gets higher and its outdoor transmissiondistance gets longer, there will be more large-scale outdoor WLAN services deployed to servewhole campuses or parks. In addition toconventional navigation services in rural or urban areas, a future GPS-based AutoPC should be able to utilize this broadband access and alsonavigate a driver within a campus or park.To comprehend our researches in ITS, we are building an 802.11b WLAN infrastructure as a basis of our campus guidance system. As stated,this infrastructure could provide a cost-effective,high-bandwidth, and autonomous wirelessenvironment, and then we can explore moreopportunities for future mobile applications.Figure 1 shows the proposed architecture of our campus guidance system. Similar to ITSarchitecture, the guidance system is composed of on-board unit, road-side unit, and center unit. AnAutoPC which connects with a GPS receiver anda 802.11b network adapter plays a central role inthe on-board unit. It communicates with theoutside world through the 802.11b access pointand base station in the road side, which isconnected to the existing wired backbone. Sincethis is an all-IP core network, the AutoPC canrequest location-specific services or contentsfrom usual Internet servers. Currently wesupport multimedia, GIS, and real-timeinformation contents in the server unit.
P C M C I A
INSERT THIS END
802.11bAccess PointBase Station
LCD and Touch PannelAudio InputAudio OutputDigitalCamera
Road-Side UnitCenter Unit
Figure 1. Architecture of a campus guidancesystem
For an Internet-enabled AutoPC, there would be more diverse service requests from users. Theowner of a large-scale WLAN infrastructurewould also like to provide regional specificinformation to interested users based on location.Besides, the navigation services of a campusguidance system may also interest people whouse handheld devices rather than AutoPC. Likethe seeking of a portable low-cost platform for in-vehicle navigation , thereshould also be an open interface or platform thatsupports portability, interoperability andextensibility in the design of a campus guidancesystem.
The architecture of our multi-purpose AutoPCsystem is showed in Figure 2. In our design, theWindows framework serves as the middleware between the applications and the underlyingoperating system and hardware platform. Itdefines application interface and operatingsystem (OS) abstract interface to maintain portability and interoperability. Applicationsdeveloped on top of the Windows framework can execute not only on AutoPC, but also onInternet appliances (IA) such as handhelddevices and Personal Digital Assistant (PDA).Currently we have developed prototype systemsrunning on single-board PC and Compaq iPAQPDA under embedded Linux. The version