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OP1117 - Surface Pyrotechnics and Projectors

OP1117 - Surface Pyrotechnics and Projectors

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Published by: eodg8r on Oct 21, 2009
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01/03/2013

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HNSAShipstoVisit:KnowledgeBase:AboutHNSA:SupportHNSA:
 
69
 
Chapter 7
 
GROUND PYROTECHNICS
 
Description
 119. Ground Pyrotechnics are designed to givewarning of enemy marauders or infiltratinghostile troops, to illuminate the ground in frontof entrenched or advancing troops, and forcommunication by signaling. Pyrotechnic itemsused in ground operations include tripwireflares, parachute flares, pyrotechnic grenades,and a variety of ground signals.
Trip-Wire Flare Mk 1 Mod 0
 120. Trip-Wire Flare Mk 1 Mod 0, Fig. 53, isan alarming device which an approachingenemy unconsciously sets off. It also givesillumination for some 65 seconds. It burns witha bright yellow flame of 75,000 candlepower,resulting in illumination of an area within aradius of approximately 75 feet. The flare ispacked in a watertight mailing tube container,which includes the accessories that go with it;namely, 80 feet of wire, two screw eyes, and abelt for attaching the flare to a stake or tree.The flare itself consists of a steel tube 5.5inches long and 2.5 inches in diameter. Fixedto one end is the firing mechanism, consistingof a pull-type spring to which the trip wires areattached, a primer, and a firing pin. Included inthe kit is an instruction sheet outlining theprocedure for mounting the flare. Whenproperly mounted, the flare, with its safety pinremoved, is fired when the trip wire is pulled.The wire is attached to a plunger with anotched end, which, when pulled, disengagesis desirable. The 80 feet of wire can be halvedso that two 40-foot lengths can be attached tothe plunger, stretching both ways from theflare, and parallel to the enemy lines. Thefollowing steps should be taken:(a) Secure the flare to a tree or stake by meansof the belt and belt loop. It should be mountedabout three feet from the ground.(b) Attach the trip wires to a tree or stake justless than 40 feet on either side of the tree orstake to which the flare is attached.(c) A screw eye is fixed to the tree or stake onwhich the flare is mounted. This screw eyeshould be about six inches from the ground,directly beneath the plunger.(d) The free ends of the trip wire or wires arethen passed through the screw eye and securedto the pull ring on the plunger of the firingmechanism. The wire or wires should beaffixed so that there is no sag in the 40- or 80-foot length, but not so taut that it will actuatethe plunger.(e) After the wires and flare are installed, setthe device by pressing
up
on the plunger andcarefully withdrawing the safety pin.(f) Release. the upward pressure on the plungerslowly and note its travel downward. Thisshould not be more than 0.25 inch. If, at thatpoint, further downward pressure is felt on thePage 1 of 45Surface Pyrotechnics and Projectors, O.P. 1177 - Part 410/21/2009http://www.hnsa.org/doc/pyro/part4.htm
 
itself from the firing pin. The firing pin, underspring pressure, then strikes the primer whichignites a 0.3-gram charge of black powder. Theflash from the black powder ignites thepyrotechnic candle. The candle, on burning,creates sufficient pressure to blow off theclosure disc on the flare case, and thus exposesthe flame.
Operation
 121. Some amount of ingenuity is necessary forthe most efficient operation of Trip-Wire FlareMk 1. Like a booby trap, its concealmentfinger holding the plunger, return it to the
up
 position and replace the safety pin. Then slack off on the trip wires. Normally the plunger willnot move downward more than 0.125 inch.(g) If at this point it has been found necessaryto replace the safety pin, repeat steps (e) and (f)with caution, each time the safety pin isremoved.(h) After the flare is set, free the plunger fromany paint or other substance which may seal itto the wall of the flare. This is done bycarefully turning the plunger through a 90-
70
 Page 2 of 45Surface Pyrotechnics and Projectors, O.P. 1177 - Part 410/21/2009http://www.hnsa.org/doc/pyro/part4.htm
 
 
 Figure 54.-Trip-Wire Flare M48
 
71
 degree arc without allowing it to traveldownward.110,000 candlepower, and illuminates an areawith a radius of 300 yards. The complete flareconsists of a base, on which the flare andPage 3 of 45Surface Pyrotechnics and Projectors, O.P. 1177 - Part 410/21/2009http://www.hnsa.org/doc/pyro/part4.htm

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