9.1. Modal Analysis of a Model Airplane Wing9.1.1. Problem Specification9.1.2. Problem Description
This is a simple modal analysis of a wing of a model airplane. The wing is of uniform configuration along its length andits cross-sectional area is defined to be a straight line and a spline as shown. It is held fixed to the body of the airplane onone end and hangs freely at the other. The objective of the problem is to find the wing's natural frequencies and modeshapes.
The dimensions of the wing are as shown above. The wing is made of low density polyethylene with a Young's modulusof 38x10
psi, Poisson's ration of 0.3, and a density of 8.3E-5 lb
18.104.22.168. Approach and Assumptions
Assume the side of the wing connected to the plane is completely fixed in all degrees of freedom. The wing is solid andmaterial properties are constant and isotropic.Solid modeling is used to generate a 2-D model of the cross-section of the wing. You then create a reasonable mesh andextrude the cross-section into a 3-D solid model which will automatically be meshed.Additionally, the mesh used in this example will be fairly coarse for the element types used. This coarse mesh is usedhere so that this tutorial can be used with theANSYS EDproduct.
22.214.171.124. Summary of Steps
Applicable ANSYS Products:ANSYS Multiphysics, ANSYS Mechanical, ANSYSStructural, ANSYS EDLevel of Difficulty:easyInteractive Time Required:30 to 45 minutesDiscipline:structuralAnalysis Type:modalElement Types Used:PLANE42andSOLID45ANSYS Features Demonstrated:extrusion with a mesh, selecting, eigenvalue modalanalysis, animationApplicable Help Available:Modal Analysisin the
ANSYS Structural AnalysisGuide
ANSYS Elements Reference
Tutorials|Chapter 9. Modal Tutorial|
Page 1 of 99.1. Modal Analysis of a Model Airplane Wing10/11/2009mk:@MSITStore:C:\Program%20Files\Ansys%20Inc\v100\commonfiles\help\en-us\a...