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Machine Tools Final

Machine Tools Final

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Published by Sadaf Rehman

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Published by: Sadaf Rehman on Oct 21, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Computer Integrated Manufacturing
Submitted To:Sir. Zahid ShahSubmitted by:Ms. Pakeeza Bukhari, Roll # 17Ms. Sara Rehman, Roll # 25BSIEM- 6
semesterDated: 13 Sep, 2009
Q # 1: Why are machine tools so important to our society?Machining has become indispensable to the society. It is used directly orindirectly in the manufacture of almost all the goods services being createdall over the world.It is the basis of every thing manufactured such as sewing machines, paper,clothes, computers, space crafts, cars etc. Wherever metal is used in anyman-made object, one can be sure that it must have reached its final stagethrough processing with machine tools. Even the parts made from plasticsrequire metal dies made by machining processes. In short, machine toolshave a great role in today’s progress.Q # 2: What is the difference between tool and machine tools? The differences are stated below:
Machine Tools
 Tool is a portable device
 Tool is a non-powered device
 Tool can only powered byhumansExamples:Hammer, wrench, saws andshovel, pens, pencils and knivesare tools
It is a stationary device
It is a powered device
It is powered by a power sourceor by people if properly setup.Examples:Lathes, shapers, planers, powerdrills or drill presses, millingmachines, grinding machines,power saws, and presses (e.g.,punch presses).Q # 3: How is the size of following machine tools designated?
The lathe:
 The size of lathe is designated by Distance between centers, Swing over thebed, Swing over the cross slide, Horse power of the motor, Range of spindlespeeds, Range of feeds, Space occupied by the machine, Maximum diameterand length of the jobs that can be accommodated.
Milling machine:
 The size of milling machine is designated by Size of the work table, Range of travels of the table in X-Y-Z direction, its Type: ordinary or swiveling bedtype, Arbor size (diameter), Power of the main drive, Range of spindle speed,Range of table feeds in X-Y-Z directions and Floor space occupied.
The Shaper:
 The size of shaper is specified by the maximum length of stroke or cut it canmake. Usually the size of shaper ranges from 175 to 195 mm. Besides thelength of stroke, other particulars, such as type of drive, floor spacerequired, length, width and depth of the machine, cutting to return ratio,number and amount of feed, power input etc are sometimes required for thecomplete specification of the shaper.
Drill Press
: The size of a drill press is generally given as distance from the edge of thecolumn to the center of the drill press spindle. For example on a 10 inch drillpress, it would be possible to drill a hole 10 inch from the edge of the workpiece. The vertical capacity is measured when the head is at the highestposition and table is at the lowest position. Besides these, other particularslike maximum drill size that can be used, range of spindle speeds, range of feeds, power of main drive, floor space required by the machine etc aresometimes required for the complete specification of drill press.Q #5: Draw sketches of following machine tools and label different parts.Also indicate the movement of different parts in different directionsa.Latheb.Milling machinec.The shaperd.Drill press

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