Q # 1: Why are machine tools so important to our society?Machining has become indispensable to the society. It is used directly orindirectly in the manufacture of almost all the goods services being createdall over the world.It is the basis of every thing manufactured such as sewing machines, paper,clothes, computers, space crafts, cars etc. Wherever metal is used in anyman-made object, one can be sure that it must have reached its final stagethrough processing with machine tools. Even the parts made from plasticsrequire metal dies made by machining processes. In short, machine toolshave a great role in today’s progress.Q # 2: What is the difference between tool and machine tools? The differences are stated below:
Tool is a portable device
Tool is a non-powered device
Tool can only powered byhumansExamples:Hammer, wrench, saws andshovel, pens, pencils and knivesare tools
It is a stationary device
It is a powered device
It is powered by a power sourceor by people if properly setup.Examples:Lathes, shapers, planers, powerdrills or drill presses, millingmachines, grinding machines,power saws, and presses (e.g.,punch presses).Q # 3: How is the size of following machine tools designated?
The size of lathe is designated by Distance between centers, Swing over thebed, Swing over the cross slide, Horse power of the motor, Range of spindlespeeds, Range of feeds, Space occupied by the machine, Maximum diameterand length of the jobs that can be accommodated.