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Principles and Practice

Principles and Practice



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Published by Patricio Arnaldi

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Published by: Patricio Arnaldi on Oct 22, 2009
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Principles and Practice
Second Language Acquisition
Stephen D Krashen
University of Southern California
This is the original version of Principles and Practice, as published in 1982, with only minor changes. It is gratifying to point out that many of the predictions made in this book wereconfirmed by subsequent research, for example, the superiority of comprehensible-inputbased methods and sheltered subject matter teaching (Krashen, 2003), the inefficacy of error correction (Truscott, 1996, 1999), and the "power of reading" (Krashen, 2004). Subsequentresearch has also, in my opinion, confirmed that in footnote 5, chapter 3, option 3 is thecorrect one, that we acquire vocabulary best through comprehensible input (Krashen, 1989;2003).I have changed my position on only one issue: At the end of Principles and Practice, I suggestthe use of a form of deception - students may think they are acquiring vocabulary or learningsubject matter, but unknown to them, they are acquiring because they are gettingcomprehensible input at the same time. I now think it is very important to make a strong effortto inform students about the process of language acquisition, so they can continue to improveon their own.Krashen, S. (1989) We acquire vocabulary and spelling by reading: Additional evidence for the input hypothesis. Modern Language Journal 73, 440-464.Krashen, S. (2003) Explorations in Language Acquisition and Use: The Taipei Lectures.Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.Krashen, S. (2004) The Power of Reading. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.Truscott, J. (1996). The case against grammar correction in L2 writing classes. LanguageLearning, 46 (2), 327-69.Truscott, J. (1999). What's wrong with oral grammar correction? The Canadian ModernLanguage Review, 55(4), 437-56.Introduction to the Internet Edition
Copyright © 1982 Stephen KrashenAll Rights Reserved. This publication may be downloaded and copied without charge for allreasonable, non-commercial educational purposes, provided no alterations in the text aremade.First printed edition 1982 by Pergamon Press Inc.Print Edition ISBN 0-08-028628-3First internet edition July 2009i

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