Little Dover Decentralized Sewer Solution,Page 3
REASON FOR INNOVATION:
The Municipality of the District of Guysborough was faced with a very serious environmentalconcern in the community of Little Dover. Little Dover is a small fishing village at the eastern end ofNova Scotia on the rocky shores of the Atlantic Ocean. This fishing village, like many others in NovaScotia, has approximately 150 homes nestled along the shoreline of a small fishing harbour. Thesoil conditions in this village provide very poor conditions for on-site sewer systems which hasresulted in severe contamination problems within the community.In 1974 a pollution control study was carried out in Little Dover which identified the need fora sewer system at that time. Again, in 1988 the Department of Health identified that only 22% ofsewer systems were functioning properly and that 80% of the wells were contaminated or threatenedby contamination. In 2000 the Municipality carried out a sanitary survey of the community whichindicated that 71% of the wells in the community were contaminated by fecal or total coliformbacteria. Each home in the community releases approximately 200 gallons of contaminated waterand sewer per day. In total, there is approximately 30,000 gallons released in the community eachday with the majority of the contaminated water escaping into the ditches, shoreline andsurface/groundwater supplies. The 2000 survey confirmed that there was a serious environmentalhazard within this community which resulted in the Municipality proceeding with a design of a systemto collect and treat all contaminated water for treatment.The decision was made by Guysborough Municipal Council that the sewer problem had tobe corrected in this village to prevent serious health problems from occurring directly related tocontaminated well water. One of the challenges faced by the Municipality in determining a solutionfor this community was the high unemployment rate combined with both low and fixed incomes.These economic conditions, created by the downturn in the fishing industry, required an affordablesolution that would achieve the goal of cleaning up this community.