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CHAPTER ONE: An Overture of Hebrew Verbal System: A Quick Guide

CHAPTER ONE: An Overture of Hebrew Verbal System: A Quick Guide

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Published by steffen han
a new approach to the Hebrew verbal system; suitable for beginner as well as quick revision; be sure to read the following chapters...
a new approach to the Hebrew verbal system; suitable for beginner as well as quick revision; be sure to read the following chapters...

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Published by: steffen han on Oct 22, 2009
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01/14/2013

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Chapter 
1
1.1The ChirpHopefully the beginner student who has no previous contact with theHebrew language, or anyone who wished to have a quick revision oroverview of the Hebrew verbal system, would nd it useful what wouldbe suggested here. Those who nd it committing the intricacies of Hebrew verb to rote is out of the task will nd the approach presentedhere helpful, too.1.2Only the main, principal shaft of the Hebrew verb is introduced anddiscussed. Once the student has learned up the primary pattern of theverb would he be happy to appreciate the language and further generateinterest wish to learn more.1.3First, a quick overview covering the entire spectrum of the Hebrewverbal system is presented. In this way the student will have a snapshotof the overall picture. Fasten such an overview in the mind, it enables thestudent to anticipate what lies ahead and would know what to look out
INTRODUCTION
 
How to study the Hebrew verbs
   ם
      ש      ה
    ך   ו   ר   ב
   S   t  e   f   f  e  n   H  a  n   J  a  n  u  a  r  y   2   0   1   1  r  e  v   i  s  e   d .
 
CHAPTER ONE:
A Quick Guide 
for during the journey into the study of Hebrew verb. Some details withglimpses into the intricacies of the Hebrew verb would be revealed atthe next leg. The reader should not be disappointed if he does not ndwhat he wanted: full treatment will be ladled out in the main course.The enterprise of the study of the Hebrew verb is going to be like a boxinside a box inside a box.1.4Step 1: The OvertureHebrew is very vocalic. What is meant by this is that each form of theverb, namely, the Innitive, the Imperative, the Participle, the Perfect orthe Imperfect, etc., in whatever derived stem of the verb (
ןָיְנּִב
) it maybe, came with a xed vowel pattern. In short, each of the verbal formis identied by the vowel pattern, the default vowels, usually came in apair of two, for each form of the verb, xed, immutable but could beshortened or lengthened.1.5The nature of the default vowels determines the form of the verb,that is, the form of the verb is more or less controlled by the types of default vowels. By knowing the given vowel pattern, you could identifyeach form of the verb, or by draping the default vowels under the tri-consonantal root, the
ׁ  
שֵרׂוׁש
, you could turn it into the verbal form thatyou want it to work for you. Look out for the default vowels in eachform of the verb and in each derived stem. This is going to be the chief end of your treasure hunt journey. It is really simple: the shewa (
אָוְׁש
),the dagesh (
ׁשֵגּָד
) and stem vowels are the only three areas that wouldlikely to present some obstacles to the learning of Hebrew verbs.1.6To use and maneuver a Hebrew verb, what a student has to do is: (i) tomaster up the default vowel scheme: there are ve pairs of these vowelsin the Qal stem, (one or two in each of the other verbal stems); (ii) therules that govern the dagesh (
ׁשֵגּָד
): (a) compensatory lengthening of the vowel beneath the preceding consonant or syllable, usually of thestem or theme vowel, due to the presence of a guttural consonant which
 ם 
 ש ה
  ך  ו   ר  ב 
 S  t   e  f   f   e  n H a  n J   a  n u a  r  y 2  0  1  1  r  e  v i   s  e  d  .
 
CHAPTER ONE:
A Quick Guide 
ם
      ש      ה 
 ךורב
Steffen Han January 2011 revised.
could not take dagesh
שגד
for doubling, or (b) virtual doubling whichrelinquishes the
שגד
without lengthening the vowel of the precedingsyllable; (iii) the rules that govern (a) contiguous
םיאווש
; (b) how
עָנ
 
אווש
(vocal shewa) is changed to
אָוְׁש ףָטֲח
(composite shewa) inresponse to the presence of a guttural or weak consonant whenever onesuch alphabet shows up in the root in a position where normally
ענ
 
אווש
sits, usually the head consonant; (iv) the breaking up of and recast thepillion syllable to form a new hind syllable when adding pronominalsufxes to the verb. These are the four main areas that a student needsto learn about.1.7The shift of accent, sometimes known as the stress or the tone, addschanges to the default vowels, chiefly in matters pertaining to thelengthening or shortening the propretonic vowel, and or closing thepillion syllable by shortening the stem, theme vowel while adding afxesof personal pronouns to the verb.1.8The patterns that dictate where and which default vowel would be placedin a root are called
binyanim 
(
םיִנָיְנּִב
), (singular—
binyan 
 
ןָיְנּִב
), whichmeans
building 
, or the derived stems of the verb. There are seven of them for each verbal form: the Paal or Qal (
לַעָּפ
or
לַק
), the Niph’al(
לַעְפִנ
), the Pi’el (
לֵעּִפ
), the Pu’al (
לַעֻּפ
), the Hithpa’el (
לֵעַפְתִה
), theHiphil (
ליִעְפִה
), the Hophal (
לַעְפָה
) and the Huphal; (
לַעְפֻה
). The lasttwo are actually counted as one.1.9For convenient and practical purpose,
לַעָּפ
has been known all along as
לַק
, which means “light” or “simple”, and the other
םיניינב
are knownas
םיִדֵבּְכ
, which means “grave” or “heavy”. These terms are meant tohelp the student to manage, use and have a sense of control over theHebrew verbal system.

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