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General Chemistry

General Chemistry

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Published by: Ransel Fernandez Villaruel on Oct 22, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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General chemistry
(sometimes called "gen chem" for short) is a course often taught at the high school andintroductory university level. It is intended to serve as a broad introduction to a variety of concepts inchemistry and is widely taught. At the university level, it is alsosometimesused as aweed out course for disciplines(sometimesrelated,sometimesnot) whichare perceived torequire ahigh level of intellectualrigor or large courseloads. It isalso one of the few chemistry courses in most universities that doesnot explicitly explore a particular discipline such asorganic chemistryor analytical chemistry. __________________________________________ 
General chemistry
courses typically introduceconcepts such asstoichiometry, prediction of reaction products,thermodynamics,nuclear chemistry,electrochemistry,chemical kinetics, and many of the rudiments of  physical chemistry.Though the list of subjects covered is typically broad, leading some to criticize both theclass and the discipline as encouraging memorization, most general chemistry courses are firmly grounded inseveral fundamental physical rules for which the primary challenge is understanding when the rules areapplicable.
(chem), meaning"earth")
is thescienceconcerned withthe composition, behavior, structure, and properties of matter, as well as the changes itundergoes duringchemical reactions.
It is aphysical sciencefor studies of variousatoms,molecules,crystalsand other aggregates of matter whether in isolation or combination, which incorporates the concepts of energyandentropyin relation to the spontaneityof chemical processes. Modern chemistry evolved out of alchemyfollowing thechemical revolution(1773).
Disciplines within chemistry are traditionally grouped by the type of matter being studied or the kind of study. These includeinorganic chemistry, the study of inorganicmatter;organic chemistry, the study of  organicmatter; biochemistry, the study of substancesfound in biological organisms;physical chemistry, theenergyrelated studies of chemical systems at macro, molecular and submolecular scales;analytical chemistry,the analysis of material samples to gain an understanding of their chemical compositionand structure. Many more specialized disciplines have emerged in recent years, e.g.neurochemistrythe chemical study of thenervous system(seesubdisciplines).

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