Psych LectureChapters 7 & 8Oct. 15, 2009Preschool ChildrenAs a child grows in early childhood his world will begin to openup. He begins to become more independent, begin to focus more onadults and children outside the family, he wants to explore and askabout his surroundings even more. Interactions with his family andthose around will help shape his personality and individual ways of thinking and moving. During this stage the child will be able to ride atricycle, use safety scissors, show awareness of gender identity, how todress and undress themselves, play with other children, recall parts of a story and sing a song.Positive ParentingContinue to read to your child, nurture reading by taking them tolibraries, book stores, story time, etc., Let your child help with simplechores (folding laundry) Encourage child to play with other children(encourages sharing and friendships), Help your child’s languagedevelopment by speaking to your child in adult language usingcomplete sentences, help them to use the correct word and phrases,be clear and consistent in disciplining your child,
Model the behaviorthat you expect from him/her.
Children learn from theirenvironment. If you say or do something different, I confuses the child. Tell your child why it’s important to stay out of traffic, be cautiouswhen they are trying to ride their tricycle. Make sure to check outplayground equipment for loose parts or sharp edges. When child isoutside, keep an eye on them at all times. Teach your child to swim! Teach your child how to interact with strangers. The stages of growth of childhood come from many sources:Piaget, Kohlberg, Erikson, came up with stages regarding development.Stages of childhood are bi-cultural: by social institutions, laws thatmake up a society. While researchers and professionals usually defineearly childhood as birth to toddlers others define age 5 as a betterendpoint because it coincides with entry into the cultural practice of school. There are three broad stages of development: early childhood,middle childhood and adolescence. Definitions of these stages areorganized around primary paths of development though theboundaries of these stages are (?). Societies ideas of childhood shiftover time. And research has lead to new understandings of newdevelopment that takes place in each stage. By age 5, childrendemonstrate fairly good control of pencils, crayons and scissors. Theirgross motor accomplishments include the ability to skip and balanceon one foot; their physical growth slows down between ages 5-8, while