On March 18-19, 2004, in Seattle, Washington,the National Bureau of Asian Research, PacicNorthwest National Laboratory, U.S. Army WarCollege, Central Intelligence Agency, Departmentof Energy, Nuclear Threat Initiative, and thePloughshares Fund co-sponsored a conferenceto explore the complex topics of nuclearproliferation, regional and global terrorism,and the state of nonproliferation regimes inAsia. The conference drew representatives fromgovernment, academe, and nonprot researchinstitutions from the United States and Asia.This event was an opportunity for policymakers,security analysts, nuclear scientists and engineers,regional experts, and military planners to shareperspectives and identify those issues requiringnew solutions as the international communityprepares for the 2005 Nuclear Non-ProliferationTreaty (NPT) Review.
Asia’s Nuclearization and Regional Instability.
As a region, Asia has the distinction ofexperiencing the world’s most rapid rates ofeconomic and population growth, the fastestexpansion of commercial nuclear power plantconstruction, the entrenchment of terror networks,and the fundamental failure of any state or groupof states to emerge as a force to advocate regionalsolutions to nuclear security risks facing the Asia-Pacic.Twenty-nine years after the NPT sought to“freeze” the Asian nuclear powers to a communityof one, Asia is now a nuclearized region.Unquestionably, the nuclear nonproliferationregime has experienced failures in Asia--nowIndia and Pakistan possess nuclear weapons,while North Korea either already possessesthem or is close to developing them. Moreover,a number of other Asian states are participatingin the Asian proliferators’ network, thus enablingother states to acquire nuclear technologies.mportant components of the internationalcommunity’s nonproliferation strategies--theNuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), the MissileTechnology Control Regime (MTCR), and otherdual-use technology export control regimes--have failed to stem the trade in nuclear materialsand technologies in Asia. There, nuclear suppliersappear willing to satisfy the demands of persistentbuyers.
The “Nexus of Terrorism and Nuclear-ArmedAdversaries.”
outh Asia now constitutes the place wherenuclear weapons, terrorist groups, state actorsinvolved in proliferation trade, and nuclearadversaries in confrontational postures allintersect on the India-Pakistan border. TheKorean Peninsula and the nations of NortheastAsia endure the most prolonged period ofcrisis since the Korean War, due to the nuclearmachinations of North Korea.onference participants agreed that it isparamount that the international communitymake every effort to understand the reasons forthe failure of the NPT and other nonproliferationregimes in Asia before new attempts are made toreplace the NPT, modify the NPT, or impose newinternational security regimes on Asian nations.No common view exists on the nature of thethreats that the region’s nations face from nuclearproliferation, or from terrorism internally withintheir own countries, and externally within theregion.ndia and Pakistan openly reject the NPT asan attempt to undermine their sovereign rightsto possess nuclear weapons. China has becomea convert to multilateral regimes only in thepast 3 years, and this remains a source of someconict internally. China pursues multilateralrelationships cautiously and with deliberation. Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan feel that regional,multilateral solutions will only weaken the specialnature of their bilateral relationships with theUnited States. Therefore, they tread very lightlywhen it comes to multilateral commitments.Southeast Asia is engaged in Asian multilateralregimes, but avoids those institutions where theUnited States plays a dominant role.he ultimate test of a new security regimein Asia is whether those states that have gainedentry into the nuclear club will choose to giveup their nuclear status. Without exception,the conference experts assessed that India will