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OEC 14 Part 1

OEC 14 Part 1

Ratings: (0)|Views: 194|Likes:
Published by V.Pradeesh
OEC 14 Part 1 is an advanced design sheets (excel software) developed for making electromechanical engineering calculations rapidly in the building construction projects. It is single file covers all electrical calculations for a building project and it will never allow designers for doing any wrong calculations. There are adjustable factors with limited constrains in the respective white cells. All white cells are unlocked for the user inputs. You may see the formulas by clicking the help button in the computing sheets and can be back to the respective sheet by clicking the formula icon in the summary of calculation note. Home icon always directs you to the home page.
OEC 14 Part 1 can be used from the concept stage of the project to do know the end result. Following computations can be done by using this single advanced file - OEC 14 Part 1.
Experience Journey blessed me to build this document – Pradeesh Vijayan (v.prathi)
Email: v.prathi@yahoo.com

1. Calculation of Area wise electrical load during the concept stage of the project
2. Calculation of Area wise electrical load for Health care projects during the concept stage of the project
3. Calculation of Conduit sizing, Conduit factors, Cable factors and Conduit capacity factors
4. Calculation of Trunking sizing, Cable term factors and Trunking term factors
5. Calculation of Cable tray sizing
6. Calculation of Voltage drop for conductors (copper and aluminium), Sizing of circuit breakers and derating factors
7. Calculation of Voltage drop for Busbars (copper and aluminium)
8. Calculation of lighting illumination and number of light fittings
9. Calculation of LT Feeder fault current (Short circuit rating)
10. Calculation of KVAR rating, cable size and protection for Capacitor Bank, KVAR cum saving calculator for HT electricity consumers
11. Calculation of earthing (Number of earth pits)
12. Calculation of Diesel generator sizing, efficiency and fuel consumption
13. Calculation of risk assessment and protection level of lightning protection system
14. Calculation of solar system and battery sizing

a. Electrical load of mechanical equipment’s
b. Engineering conversions
c. Quick cals
OEC 14 Part 1 is an advanced design sheets (excel software) developed for making electromechanical engineering calculations rapidly in the building construction projects. It is single file covers all electrical calculations for a building project and it will never allow designers for doing any wrong calculations. There are adjustable factors with limited constrains in the respective white cells. All white cells are unlocked for the user inputs. You may see the formulas by clicking the help button in the computing sheets and can be back to the respective sheet by clicking the formula icon in the summary of calculation note. Home icon always directs you to the home page.
OEC 14 Part 1 can be used from the concept stage of the project to do know the end result. Following computations can be done by using this single advanced file - OEC 14 Part 1.
Experience Journey blessed me to build this document – Pradeesh Vijayan (v.prathi)
Email: v.prathi@yahoo.com

1. Calculation of Area wise electrical load during the concept stage of the project
2. Calculation of Area wise electrical load for Health care projects during the concept stage of the project
3. Calculation of Conduit sizing, Conduit factors, Cable factors and Conduit capacity factors
4. Calculation of Trunking sizing, Cable term factors and Trunking term factors
5. Calculation of Cable tray sizing
6. Calculation of Voltage drop for conductors (copper and aluminium), Sizing of circuit breakers and derating factors
7. Calculation of Voltage drop for Busbars (copper and aluminium)
8. Calculation of lighting illumination and number of light fittings
9. Calculation of LT Feeder fault current (Short circuit rating)
10. Calculation of KVAR rating, cable size and protection for Capacitor Bank, KVAR cum saving calculator for HT electricity consumers
11. Calculation of earthing (Number of earth pits)
12. Calculation of Diesel generator sizing, efficiency and fuel consumption
13. Calculation of risk assessment and protection level of lightning protection system
14. Calculation of solar system and battery sizing

a. Electrical load of mechanical equipment’s
b. Engineering conversions
c. Quick cals

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Published by: V.Pradeesh on Mar 25, 2014
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05/23/2014

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Area wise electrical load
Rule of thumb (ref: CIBSE)
Lighting10 - 12 Watts /Sq.mSmall Power 15 - 45 Watts /Sq.mAir Conditioning60 Watts /Sq.mPassenger lifts10 Watts /Sq.mSmall computer room200 - 400 Watts /Sq.mBespoke call centre500 - 1500 Watts /Sq.m
Health and Technical Memorandum
Notes:
DescriptionPower density (W/Sq.m)PFBuilding diversitySubstation diversityConnected load diversityOff-peak diversityGrowth factor
Power density:
The power density relates to the relevant internal floor area of the healthcare premises.AHU fans15 - 250.950.70 - 0.901.000.70 - 0.900.680.10Building services pump1 - 30.950.70 - 0.901.000.70 - 0.900.680.10
Power factor (PF):
 Power factor is assumed to be the corrected power factor at each substaion.Lifts5 - 80.950.23 - 1.350.500.30 - 0.500.600.05Chiller25 - 350.950.90 - 0.951.000.90 - 0.950.800.05
Building diversity:
The building diversity reflects that not all substations within the healthcare premises willGeneral low power9 - 250.950.49 - 0.600.700.70 - 0.850.650.20have the same operating profile. The building diversity is the product of the connected load and substation Information systems3 - 60.950.800.801.000.650.20diversity. The building diversity is the actual demand seen at the point of common coupling with the PES.Medical equipment6 - 160.950.35 - 0.490.700.50 - 0.700.200.20General lighting9 - 151.000.49 - 0.630.700.70 - 0.900.800.15
Substation diversity:
 Substation diversity reflects that not all areas, of any one substation, will have the sameSpecialist lighting0.9 - 1.51.000.35 - 0.630.700.50 - 0.900.500.15operating profile, for example clinics and 24-hour areas. The substation diversity is multiplied by the connectedTask lighting1 - 21.000.45 - 0.540.600.75 - 0.900.400.15load diversity to produce the building diversity.Medical lighting0 - 11.000.42 - 0.540.600.70 - 0.900.700.15
Connected load diversity:
 Connected load diversity reflects that any electrical system (fixed medical equipment etc) will not be operating at full demand or used to maximum capacity at all times of the day.
Off-peak diversity:
Off-peak diversity reflects that not all equipment will be used (to the same profile) at night as in the day (for example 12-hour clinics etc). The off-peak diversity is not used in these calculations,but will be an element used in the energy calculations.
Growth factor:
Growth factor is an allowance for the natural expansion in electrical equipment used, and potential remodelling of the hospital. Growth factor is applied to switchgear, cable sizes, and transformer sizes etc. The function of the growth factor is to ensure that the electrical network will not need premature replacement.
Conduit
Conduit FactorsCable FactorsCable Factors
Conduit Diameter (mm)Capacity FactorSingle core PVC insulated cables in straight runsSingle core PVC insulated cables in straight runs of conduit16290 of conduit not exceeding 3m in length exceeding 3m in length OR in runs of any length incorporating bends or sets20460Type of ConductorSizeFactorType of ConSizeFactor25800Solid1.022Solid or Stra1.0163214001.5271.5222.5392.530Standard1.5314.0432.5436.0584.05810.01056.08810.0146
Conduit Capacity Factors (Exceeding 3M in length)
16202532162025321620253216202532162025321.029046080014001883085439471772865149001582564638181302133886921.529046080014001822945289231672704878571432334227501111823336002.02904608001400177286514900158256463818130213388692971592925292.52904608001400171278500878150244442783120196358643861412604743.029046080014001672704878571432334227501111823336003.51792905219111622634758371362224047201031693115634.0177286514900158256463818130213388692971592955294.517428250788915425045280012520437666791149275500
Typical electrical diversity factors for healthcare premises (ref: HTM 06-01, Chapter 3, Table 2)
Conduit Diameter (MM)StraightOne bendTwo bendsThree bendsFour bends
 
5.0171278500878150244442783120196358643861412604746.01672704878571432334227501111823336007.01622634758371362224047201031693115638.0158256463818130213388692971592925299.01542504528001252043736679114927550010.015024444278312019638564386141260474
TrunkingTray
Type of conductorFactoTrunking SizeCapacity2 Core6mm15.9
Size1C 2C3C3.5C4C
Solid/1 Sq.mm 6.450 x 50103710mm18501.5712.512.5NA15Solid/1.5 Sq.mm 7.175 x 50155516mm205075mm2.57.513.514NA16.5Solid/2.5 Sq.mm 10.275 x 75237125mm24.375100mm481515.5NA18Stranded/1 Sq.mm7.4100 x 50209135mm27.9100150mm691617NA19.5Stranded/1.5 Sq.mm8.1100 x 7531894 Core6mm18.7150225mm101017.519NA20Stranded/2.5 Sq.mm11.4100 x 100425210mm21.1225300mm16111821NA22Stranded/4 Sq.mm15.2150 x 50309116mm22.9300450mm2512.5202223.524Stranded/6 Sq.mm22.9150 x 75474225mm29.1450600mm3513.521.5252627Stranded/10 Sq.mm36.3150 x 100639435mm32.1600750mm501524.5273031Stranded/16 Sq.mm50.3150 x 150969750mm32750900mm7017283232.535Stranded/25 Sq.mm75.4225 x 75711470mm37.79002-600mm9519333436.538Stranded/35 Sq.mm95225 x 100929895mm41.712002-750mm12021353840.542Stranded/50 Sq.mm133225 x 15014652120mm47.115002-900mm15022.537424445.5Category 5
12.63
225 x 22521766150mm51.41852540.5465051Category 5e
13.58
300 x 10012788185mm56.62402845525557.5Category 6
16.64
300 x 15019447240mm63300305056.56166.5Category 7
29.83
300 x 30038000300mm68.84003456646871.5
RG-6/U20.38
Single Core 6491B (LSF)
5003862.5727579.5
RG-6/UQ24.81
10mm6.8
RG-728.62
16mm8
RG-8/U45.94
25mm9.8
Size1c PVC2c PVC2c XLPE3c PVC3c XLPE4c PVC4c XLPE
RG-8X16.11
35mm111.53.99.611.511.511.512.513.5
RG-9/U49.57
50mm132.54.210.412.512.512.514.014.5
RG-11/U47.74
70mm1544.811.513.513.513.515.517.0
RG-56/U26.48
MICC/PVC Heavy Duty
65.412.615.915.015.017.018.5
RG-58/U10.83
2 core1.5mm (2H9.6106.814.41816.50.019.020.5
RG-59/U16.11
2.5mm (2H10.4168.017.520.617.521.821.523.6
RG-59A/U16.11
4mm (2H411.5259.819.524.322.526.924.029.1
RG-60/U50.51
6mm (2H612.63511.020.527.923.029.626.532.1
RG-62/U16.11
10mm (2H14.45013.024.025.327.028.432.531.3
RG-62A16.11
4 core2.5mm (4H11.87015.027.028.132.032.033.536.8
RG-14210.61
4mm (4H413.19517.028.531.933.036.738.540.6
RG-174/U2.82
6mm (4H614.412019.033.035.136.040.041.545.8
RG-178/U1.4
10mm (4H16.515021.034.038.241.045.145.049.9
RG-179/U2.71
16mm (4h19.618523.537.043.346.049.350.554.9
RG-180B/U5.86
25mm (4h22.924028.042.548.350.054.558.061.0
RG-188A/U2.79
30030.045.552.655.559.564.066.5
RG-213/U45.94
40034.051.558.063.565.872.075.4
RG-214/U50.51RG-218209.57RG-223/U12.63RG-316/U2.93RG-400/U10.61RG-402/U5.55RG-405/U2.1
Voltage drop
1
Max. Voltage Drop Allowed (V)
Area of Condr.VD/A/MGroundAirDuctMCCBArea of Condr.
V = Operating Voltage * % of Voltage Drop Allowed
2.516.400342517.5101.5410.200473423162.5
2
Load Current (A)
66.800574329204
 A = Total Watts / 1.732 * Operating Voltage * Power Factor 
104.000826039326162.50011599944010
3
Actual Voltage Drop (V)
251.6501501311255010
1 Run Cable (V) = Voltage Drop/A/M * Load Current * Cable Length / 1000
351.1501801621506316
2 Run Cable (V) = (Voltage Drop/A/M (Load Current / 2) Cable Length / 1000)
500.8702151971758025700.60026525121510035
4
Max. Voltage Drop Allowed at Starting (V)
950.45031530426012550
Cable Term Trunking Terms Cable Trays (mm)
AluminiumCopper
XLPE/SWA/PVC
 
V = Operating Voltage * & of Voltage Drop Allowed at Starting
1200.370360353300160701500.30040540633520095
5
Actual Voltage Drop at Starting (V)
1850.260460463380225120
1 Run Cable (V) = Max. Voltage Drop Allowed * Motor Starting Current * Cable Length / 1000
2400.210530546440250150
2 Run Cable (V) = (Max. Voltage Drop Allowed (Motor Starting Current / 2) Cable Length / 1000)
3000.1855906284953001854000.165667728570350240
6
Derated Current (A)
500
0.180
770918620400300
 A = load Current / 0.92 * 0.95 * 0.985 *0.84 * 0.8
630
0.170
8401027670630400
IF(ISERROR(AVERAGE(A1:A4)),"No Numbers",AVERAGE(A1:A4))
800
0.170
88811196928005001000
0.160
94212147351000630
Derating Factor Calculation for Cables
1600630
a)
 Cables directly buried in ground
Bus bar Ct. @ 35
o
CVD/A/M(mV)VD/M (SQARE D) Cu @ 0.8 P.F2000630
Soil resitivity facor = 1.14
8000.1080.0863200630
Ground temparature factor = 0.86
10000.0940.0944000630
Depth of laying factor( for 0.6 mtr ) = 0.98
1200
0.069
0.083
5000630
Group factor for Multicore cables = 0.84( 3 ckts)/ 0.77(6 ckts)
1350
0.063
0.085
Overall Derating factor =1.14* 0.86 * 0.98 * 0.84 =
 0.81( 3 ckts)
1600
0.053
0.085
* Single Core Cables
Overall Derating factor =1.14* 0.86 * 0.98 * 0.77=
0.74( 3 ckts)
2000
0.046
0.092
25000.0330.082
b) Cables in ducts
30000.0290.087140 A
Soil resitivity facor = 1.06
32000.0250.081263 A
Ground temparature factor = 0.86
40000.0200.081380 A
Depth of laying factor( for 0.6 mtr ) = 0.99
50000.0150.0754100 A
Group factor for Multicore cables = 0.93( 3 ckts)/ 0.9 (6 ckts)
5125 A
Overall Derating factor =1.06 * 0.86 * 0.99 * 0.93 =
 0.84 (3 ckts)
6160 A
Overall Derating factor =1.06 * 0.86 * 0.99 * 0.9 =
 0.81 (6 ckts)
7200 A
c)For Cables in Air 
 Ambient temparature factor @40
oC
 (inside building) = 0.91Spacing factor (BS 7671 table 4B1) (4 ckts)= 0.88Overall Derating factor = 0.91*0.88 =
0.8
Busbar 
Formulae
 Aluminium Coppe
ΔV = α√3.L.I(R.Cos Ø + X1.Sin Ø) 10 ¯³ [V]
 Resistance Reactance ResistanceReactanceR (mohm/m) 1 (mohm/m) R (mohm/m1 (mohm/m)
Where as,1000.365700.11751100
 0.21061 0.10711
ΔV = Voltage Drop (V)
2000.365700.11751200
 0.20180 0.10531
α = Load Distribution Constant
3000.268500.08212300
 0.17537 0.09991
L = Line Length (m)4000.268500.08212400
 0.15757 0.09331
I = Line Current (A)6000.151700.07542600
 0.09662 0.08548
R = Resistance (mΩ/m)
 800
0.098400.02016
 800 0.06964 0.02540
X1 = Inductive Reactance (mΩ/m)
10000.065630.015681000
 0.05075 0.01938
Cos Ø = Load Factor12500.047330.011261250
 0.03789 0.01484
Note: a constant is on amperic value17500.035750.009761750
 0.03024 0.01186
20000.029870.007972000
 0.02515 0.00980
2500
 0.02304 0.00675
2500
 0.01895 0.007573000 0.01886 0.00502 3250 0.01512 0.006054000 0.01192 0.00232 4500 0.01008 0.004155000 0.00785 0.00124 5500 0.00838 0.00343
Lighting
Formulae
LampsTypeBaseWattlmLampsTypeBaseWattlmLight sourcLm/W
Lumens O/P = Lux(Req.) x Area / M.F x U.F
607301008000Tungsten in 157596515012000Halogen la20
Where as,
1001380Linear (70W726500Fluorescent 60
M.F = Maintenance Factor 
1502200Linear (15014713500LED lamp113
U.F = Utilisation Factor
200315025024200Metal halid 87
R.I = Area x (Length x Breadth) / Height x (Length + Breadth)
18110040036000High pressu 117241700100090000Low pressu 1503628001950200000Mercury va 50181200G8,5 (35W)393300241800G8,5 (70W)726700362900G12 (35W)393300403500G12 (70W)72666002G11InductionDischargeRX7sLinearFc2Bulb shaped
14.1 to 17.5 kw17.6 to 22 kw22.1 to 28 kw28.1 to 35 kw
IncandescenBulb shapedE27
Incomer Breaker Ratings
=< 7 kw7.1 to 11kw11. 1 to 14 kw
2G10

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