Data: Raw facts Represent events E.g. sales from a cash registerInformation: Organized data Meaningful to people E.g. sales trends, comparison ofbrandsTurning data into information is a process, or a set of logically related tasksperformed to achieve a defined outcome.Knowledge is the awareness and understanding of a set of information and the waysthat information can be made useful to support a specific task or reach adecision.Knowledge workers (K/W) are people who create, use, and disseminate knowledge, andare usually professionals in science, engineering, business, and other areas.Information should be Accessible, accurate, complete, economical, flexible,relevant, reliable, secure, simple, timely, verifiable.System: is a set of elements or components that interact to accomplish goals.Efficiency is a measure of what is produced divided by what is consumed. Rangesfrom 0-100.Effectiveness is a measure of the extent to which a system achieves its goals. Itcan be computed by dividing goals actually achieved by the total of the statedgoals.An Information System is a set of interrelateed components that collect,manupulate, store, and disseminate data and information and provide a feedbackmechanism to meet an objective.Input: It is the activity of gathering and capturing the raw data.Pocesing : means converting r transforming data int usefull output. Can involve-making calculations, comparing data and taking alternative actions and storingdata for future.Output: Involves producing usefull informations, usually in the form of documentan d reports.Feedback: is informatin from the system that is used to make changes to input orprocesssing activities.Computer-Based Information System (CBIS): Rely on computer hardware and software,Processing and disseminating informationIt is a single set of hardware, software, database, telecommunications, people,and procedures that are configured to collect, manipualate, store, and processdata into information.Hardware: Consist of computer equipment used to perform input, processing andoutput activities. (EDR)Input - Mice, Keyboards, automatic scanning device.Processing device: CPU, main memory, chips.Output: Printers, comp screens.Software: consist of computer programs that govern the operation of the computer.XP, MO2003.Database: is an organized collection of facts and information, typicallyconsisting of two or more related data files.