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What is Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Psychology as a term was coined in 1967 by American psychologist Ulric Neisser in his book Cognitive Psychology. Cognitive Psychology is a subdivision of psychology that dwells at length with the study of the mental processes and analyses
the causes, reasons and effects of an individual’s thinking process, perception,
memory patterns and learning capacity. Therefore, this branch of psychology goes beyond the regular study of human behavior and takes it a step further to look into the other dimensions of human existence.
In order to understand cognition, let’s quote the author Neisser
here, who mentioned
that “Cognition comprises of all processes by which the sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered, and used.”
Cognitive psychology came to the forefront during the "cognitive revolution" of the 1960s and 1970s. The prime focus of the cognitive psychologists is in the patterns of information stored in human brains, the mechanism of information synthesis and processing in human brains and the function of the human memory. Cognitive Psychology is generating huge interest across people from various fields, including teachers, educators, artists, architects, scientists, engineers etc. as they all want to understand the intricate processes of the mental state of human beings. Cognitive Psychology finds huge acceptance and application in the field of artificial intelligence, behavioral neurosciences, Neuro-linguistic processing, industrial-organizational psychology etc. People who design educational curriculum are highly interested to know, as to how do people learn and retain information so that they can