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operation research

operation research

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Published by karan_tiff

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Published by: karan_tiff on Oct 23, 2009
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10/22/2009

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MEANING OF OR:OR IN THE MOST GENERAL SENSE,CAN BECHARACTERIZED AS THE APPLICATION OFSCIENTIFIC METHODS,TECHNIQUES ANDTOOLS,TO PROBLEMS INVOLVING THEOPERATIONS OF A SYSTEM SO AS TO PROVIDETHOSE IN CONTROL OF THE OPERATIONS WITHOPTIMUM SOLUTIONS TO THE PROBLEMS.ACCORDING TO OPERATION RESEARCHSOCIETY,AMERICA:OR IS CONCERENED WITH SCIENTIFICALLYDECIDING HOW TO BEST DESIGN AND OPERATEMAN-MACHINE SYSTEMS USUALLY REQUIRINGTHE ALLOCATION OF SCARCE RESOURCES.
 
 
HISTORY OF OR:OR CAME INTO EXISTENCE DURING WORLD WAR IIWHEN THERE WAS A NEED TO MANAGE SCARCERESOURCES.
THE TERM OR WAS COINED AS A RESULT OF“RESEARCH ON MILITARY OPERATIONS “DURING THISWAR.
DURING WAR A GROUP OF SPECIALISTS FROM VARIOUSFIELDS LIKEMATHEMATICS,ECONOMICS,STATISTICS,ENGINEERING,BEHAVOURAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCE WERE FORMEDAS SPECIAL UNITS WITHIN THE ARMED FORCES TODEAL WITH STRATEGIC AND TACTICAL PROBLEMS OFVARIOUS MILITARY OPERATIONS.
 
 
AFTER THE WAR ENDED, SCIENTISTSWHO HAD BEENACTIVE IN THE MILITARY OR GROUPS MADE EFFORTSTO APPLY OR APPROACH TO CIVILIANPROBLEMS,RELATED TO BUSINESS,INDUSTRY,R&Detc.DURING 1950,THERE WAS SUBSTANTIAL PROGRESSIN THE APPLICATION OF OR TECHNIQUES FORCIVILIAN ACTIVITIES ALONG WITH INTEREST IN THEPROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND EDUCATION INOR.

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