Study, design And Fabrication of Water Tube Boiler Type Domestic Water Heater
Vikramshila Polytechnic, Darapur Page 2
CLASSIFICATION OF BOILERS
According to the relative position of water and hot gases
Fire tube boiler
In fire tube boilers, hot gases pass through tubes which are surrounded with water. There may a single or double tube as in the case of Lancashire boiler or there may be a bank of tubers as in a locomotive boiler. The Cochran, Lancashire and Locomotive are examples of this individual users, these boilers are universally used in many industries like paper, sugar and chemical industries for producing process steam.
Water Tube Boiler
In water tube boilers, the water circulates through the tubes and hot gases around them. Steam is generated inside the tubes and collected in a cylindrical vessel known as boiler drum. The boiler drum may not be exposed to the hot gases at all. This type of construction is flexible and so is found suitable for different capacity and pressure requirements, from process steam to power generation.
According to the axis of shell
Vertical Shell type
In vertical shell type boilers, the axis of the shell is vertical.
Horizontal Shell Type
In horizontal shell type boiler, the axis of shell is vertical.
According to method of firing
In externally fired boilers, the furnace is placed outside the boiler shell. The advantage of this type is that the fire place is simple and may be enlarged easily. Water tube boilers are always externally fired.