Individual education, social class, social status and income are all associatedwith mortality, and this is likewise the case for the position of the marital partner. Weinvestigate the combined effect on mortality of own and partner’s positions regarding thesefour factors.
Prospective follow-up of information in the 1990 Census of the Swedish populationaged 30-59 (N=1 502 148). Data on all-cause mortality and deaths from cancer andcirculatory disease for the period 1991-2003 were collected from the Cause of Death Register.Relative mortality risks were estimated by Cox regression.
All-cause mortality of both men and women differs by women’s education and statusand by men’s social class and income. Men’s education has an effect on their own mortalitybut not on their partner’s, when other factors are included in the models. Women’s educationand men’s social class are particularly important for women’s deaths from circulatorydiseases
The partner’s social position has a clear effect on individual mortality, andwomen’s education seems to be particularly important. The results appear above all to supporthypotheses about the importance of lifestyle and economic resources for socio-economicdifferences in mortality.