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MARITAL PARTNER AND MORTALITY: THE EFFECTS OF THE SOCIAL POSITIONS OF BOTH SPOUSES

MARITAL PARTNER AND MORTALITY: THE EFFECTS OF THE SOCIAL POSITIONS OF BOTH SPOUSES

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Published by: donutcrash on Oct 23, 2009
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12/31/2012

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Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI)
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Stockholm University
________________________________________________________________________WORKING PAPER 5/2009
MARITAL PARTNER AND MORTALITY:THE EFFECTS OF THE SOCIAL POSITIONS OF BOTH SPOUSES
by
Robert Erikson and Jenny Torssander
 
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Title:
Marital partner and mortality: The effects of the social positions of both spouses
Authors:
Robert Erikson and Jenny Torssander, Swedish Institute for Social Research,Stockholm, Sweden
Contact:
robert.erikson@sofi.su.se or jenny.torssander@sofi.su.se
Acknowledgements
: Jan O. Jonsson, Anton Lager and Denny Vågerö have providedconstructive comments on an earlier version and Judith Black has improved our English.
Funding:
This work was supported by The Swedish Council for Working Life and SocialResearch [grant no. 2006-0680] to Robert Erikson, and for Jenny Torssander by The SwedishResearch Council to Michael Tåhlin [grant no. 2007-3351].
 
3
Abstract
 
Background
Individual education, social class, social status and income are all associatedwith mortality, and this is likewise the case for the position of the marital partner. Weinvestigate the combined effect on mortality of own and partner’s positions regarding thesefour factors.
Methods
Prospective follow-up of information in the 1990 Census of the Swedish populationaged 30-59 (N=1 502 148). Data on all-cause mortality and deaths from cancer andcirculatory disease for the period 1991-2003 were collected from the Cause of Death Register.Relative mortality risks were estimated by Cox regression.
Results
All-cause mortality of both men and women differs by women’s education and statusand by men’s social class and income. Men’s education has an effect on their own mortalitybut not on their partner’s, when other factors are included in the models. Women’s educationand men’s social class are particularly important for women’s deaths from circulatorydiseases
Conclusions
The partner’s social position has a clear effect on individual mortality, andwomen’s education seems to be particularly important. The results appear above all to supporthypotheses about the importance of lifestyle and economic resources for socio-economicdifferences in mortality.

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