– a community of persons, more or less numerous, permanentlyoccupying a definite portion of territory, independent of externalcontrol, and possessing a government ti which a great body of theinhabitants render habitual obedience; a politically organizedsovereign community independent of outside control bound by ties of nationhood, legally supreme within its territory, acting through agovernment functioning under a regime of law
(CIR v. Campos Rueda, 42SCRA 23)
is a political and geopolitical entity
is acultural and/ or ethnic entity.
While the distinction may be useful for purposes of political sociology,it is of little consequence for purpose of constitutional law (Bernas)
b. TerritoryARTICLE INATIONAL TERRITORY The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago,with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all otherterritories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerialdomains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil,the insular shelves, and other submarine areas. The watersaround, between, and connecting the islands of thearchipelago, regardless of their breadth and dimensions, formpart of the internal waters of the Philippines.The national territory of the Philippines comprises:
1)the Philippine archipelago2)all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction
– that body of water studded with islandswhich is delineated in the Treaty of Paris (1898), as amended by the Treaty of Washington (1900) and the Treaty with Great Britain (1930).
consists of itsa.Terrestrial