These powers are considered inherent powers because they belongto the very essence of government and without them nogovernment can exist.Distinction between the guarantees of the Bill of Rights (Art. III) andthe guarantees on Social Justice (Art. XIII)
Bill of Rights (Art. III)Social Justice (Art. XIII)
Focuses on civil and political rights. The guarantees in the Bills of Rights are generally self-implementing, i.e., they cab beappealed to even in the absence of implementing legislation.Focuses on social and economicrights. The social and economic rightsguaranteed generally requireimplementing legislation.
ii)organization and functions of governmentFunctions
– compulsory becauseconstitutive of the society;
– undertaken to advance the general interest of thesociety
(Bacani v. NACOCO, 100 Phil, 468
); merely optional.
iii)provision foramendmentf.Preamble:We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society, andestablish a Government that shall embody our ideals andaspirations, promote the common good, conserve and developour patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity, theblessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, andpeace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution.