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Horasara of Prithuyasas Jyotish Vedic Astrology

Horasara of Prithuyasas Jyotish Vedic Astrology

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Published by: Dr. Dindayal Mani Tripathi Ph.D. on Oct 23, 2009
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1
Horasara of Prithuyasas
son of Varah Mihira
Chapter 1
.
 as
i Vibhag
 
There flourishes the divine S
u
rya, the lord of the day, who is the sole cause and the soul ofthe Universe, who illumines all the worlds, and who daily brings Creation, Destructionand Protection.The time measured from a second (required for winking the eye once) up to a year andthe duration of each (zodiacal) R
as
i have been explained along with astronomicalcalculations and characteristics of the Grahas. In the section of Horoscopy the variousDasha divisions have been dealt with. But those with lesser understanding capacity needmore scientific explanation, as they cannot grasp all (from Brihat Jataka).
Notes
. This implies, that the present work has simplified explanations based on BrihatJataka. Further additions are made by the author so an average student can grasp more.In order, that the effects, which were declared by the old masters, who were able topredict the future accurately, are clarified lucidly, I shall state the gist of the ocean ofHorary Science.The names of the twelve R
as
is are Mesh, Vrishabh, Mithun, Kark, Simh, Kanya, Tula,Vrischik, Dhanu, Makar, Kumbh and Meen in their order.The R
as
i Kanya is described, as a virgin seated in a boat with fire and corn in her hands.Tula is represented by a man holding scales (balance), while Meen resembles a pair offish. The R
as
i Makar is a deer-faced crocodile, while Dhanu looks like a man holding abow and having a hip, like that of a horse. The R
as
is Mesh, Vrishabh, Simh, Kark andVrischik, respectively, have the forms of a ram, ox, lion, crab and scorpion, true to their(Sanskrit) names. Mithun is imagined to be a combination of a male and a female (acouple) holding a staff and lute, respectively.Vrischik, Meen, Makar and Kark are watery R
as
is. Tula, Kumbh, Vrishabh and Kanya arewater resorter R
as
is. Remaining R
as
is are land resorters. Simh’s abode is mountain’scaves. The habitations for Mesh, Tula, Mithun and Dhanu are in their order plateau,city, village and warfield.The R
as
is Kark, Vrischik and Meen are reptile R
as
is, especially Vrischik, the scorpionR
as
i. Quadruped R
as
is are the second half of Dhanu, the first half of Makar, the wholeportions of Mesh, Vrishabh and Simh. Biped, or human R
as
is are Kumbh, Mithun, Tula,Kanya and the first 15 degrees of Dhanu.The biped R
as
is are strong, when they house Lagn. Similarly strong are the quadrupedR
as
is holding Karm Bhava, the reptile R
as
is having Yuvati and the watery R
as
is, ifresided by Bandhu.
 
2Two and a quarter of Nakshatras make one Rasi. Each of the 12 R
as
is is constituted bytwo and quarter of Nakshatras, or nine quarters with Ashvini in the start in Mesh andRevati at the end in Meen.One Ghatik each at the junctions of Revati-Ashvini, Aslesha-Magha and Jyeshtha-Mul iscalled Gandantha. This evil period rules for four years; some say for six years.
Notes
:According to Kasinatha’s Lagnacandrika the first three Ghatis of Mul, Magha andAshvini are cal]ed Ganda Nadika. Simi]ar]y the ending five Ghatis of each of Jyeshtha,Aslesha and Revati. Donation of ghee filled bronze vessel, black cow and gold aresuggested to overcome the evil of this Gandanadika. (See Slokas 89-92 of Ch. I ofLagnacandrika) Saravali simply says, that the ending portions of Kark, Meen andVrischik are called Gandantha. Also see Phala Deepika Ch. I, Sloka 4, which calls suchportion, as Bhasandhi. For more information, please see Balabhadra’sHoraRatna, Ch.II.The effects of Gandantha may be seen in Ch. V. of the present work.The first Navamshas of the 12 Rasis from Mesh onwards are, respectively, Mesh, Makar,Tula and Kark, repeating again twice. The rulers of the Navamshas are the same, as theR
as
i lords. The Dwadashamshas begin from the same R
as
i. The lords of Dreshkanas foreach R
as
i are in their respective order: the lord of the same R
as
i, the 5
th
lord there ofand the 9
th
lord there of.The Trimshamsh degrees allotted to Mangal,
S
ani, Guru, Budh and
S
ukr are 5, 5, 8, 7and 5, respectively, in odd R
as
is. The reverse is true in even R
as
is, (i.e. 5, 7, 8, 5 and 5,respectively).
Notes
. The division of Trimshamsh will be more useful to assess the disposition of afemale, her luck etc. These have been elaborately dealt with in Ch. 25.The R
as
is Mesh, Vrishabh, Dhanu, Makar and Kark ascend with hinder part and areknown to be strong between sunset and sunrise. The R
as
i Meen rises with its face inopposite direction (in both ways) and is strong in twilight and the rest without Mithunrise with their heads and are strong during the day. All the R
as
is are strong, if theyrecveive a drsihti from their own lords, or from Budh, or from Guru.
Notes:
Brihat Jataka says, that Kark is a day R
as
i and Mithun is a night R
as
i. Also seeSloka 14 of Ch. I of Jataka Parijata and Sloka 13, Ch. 7 of Sanketa Nidhi for details ofnight R
as
is and day R
as
isThe 12 R
as
is follow classified, as male and female one after the other. These are alsoknown, as movable, fixed and dual R
as
is in their respective order, thus repeated fourtimes from Mesh onward.
Notes
: The R
as
is Mesh, Mithun, Simh, Tula, Dhanu and Kumbh are male. The rest arefemale. Mesh, Kark, Tula and Makar are movable R
as
is. Vrishabh, Simh, Vrischik andKumbh are fixed R
as
is. The rest are dual R
as
is.
Notes:
The 5
th
and the 9
th
form a R
as
i are called its Konas. The Kshatriya R
as
is are: Mesh,Simh and Dhanu. Brahmin R
as
is are: Kark, Vrischik and Meen. Vaisya R
as
is are:Mithun, Tula and Kumbh. Sudra R
as
is are: Vrishabh, Kanya and Makar. These divisionscan be used profitably in Prashn, also.Face, neck, arms, heart, stomach, (waist/hips), groins, private parts, thighs, knees, shanksand feet are, respectively, assigned to the twelve R
as
is commencing from Mesh.For a native, the twelve limbs mentioned above are to be counted from Lagna onwards.
The following 12 colours are assigned to the 12 R 
as
is in their order: red, white,green, pink, brown, grey, variegated, black, golden, yellow, variegated and thick brown.
 
3Meen and Mesh are of short ascension. Crooked are Vrishabh and Kumbh. Longascension R
as
is are Makar, Mithun, Kark and Dhanu. The rest are of medium length.
Notes:
These can be used particularly to assess the form of a person. If he has Makar onthe second house, his face will be long. Suppose Meen, or Mesh ascends, the person willbe short statured.Scholars have given various names to Mesh etc. Among them, Aliindicates Vrischik,while “VanagiriSimh.The twelve Bhavas from Lagn are, respectively, called as: Tanu, Dhan (Artha), Sahaj,Bandhu, Putr, Ari, Yuvati (Kalatra), Randhr (Nidhana), Dharm, Karm (Kriya), Labh(Aya) and Vyaya (Vigama).
Notes:
The meanings of the 12 synonyms given above are: body, wealth, co-born, relatives,children, enemies, wife, death, righteousness, or good work (one of the four ends ofhuman existence), action, income and loss. Vigama apart from meaning loss, also meansdeath, or departure. The 12
th
being the terminal house of the horoscope is related toone’s departure from the world.Kendr, Panaphara and Apoklima divide the 12 houses in three groups. Kendras are Tanu,Bandhu, Yuvati and Karm Bhava. Dhan, Putr, Randhr and Labh Bhava are calledPanapharas. The Apoklimas are Sahaj, Ari, Dharm and Vyaya Bhavas.
Notes:
Panapharas are the next Bhavas to Kendras, while Apoklimas are the next ones toPanapharas.Kantaka and Chatushtaya are the other names given to Kendras (angles), whileCharama means Apoklima. Madhya Kendr is Panaphara.Bandhu and Randhr Bhava are known, as Chaturasra. Ari and Labh Bhava are otherwisecalled Shatkona. Sahaj, Ari, Karm and Labh Bhava are known, as Upachayas.Alternative names given to Yuvati Bhava are: Jamitra, Asta Bhavana, Dyuna, Kamaand Chitha. Sahaj Bhava is called Duschikya, Sahaj and Vikrama.Aspada (place), Ajna (command), Karma (livelihood), Meshurana and Kha-Madhya(zenith point of the firmament) are all identical with Karm Bhava. Bandhu Bhava iscalled Hibuka, Sukh (happiness), Vesma (residence), Pathala (underworld), Vari(water) and Bandhu (relatives).Trikon, or Kon notes Putr and Dharm Bhava, while Tritrikon (Kon of the Kon) indicatesDharm Bhava only. The other names given to Dharm Bhava are: Bhagya, Guru andSubh.
Notes.
According to some Jyotishis, Lagn is also to be considered, as a Kon, apart frombeing a Kendr. However, Phala Deepika Ch I, Sloka 17 and 18 list 1, 4, 7 and 10, asKendras and specifically mention, that the 5
th
and the 9
th
are Konas. Same view is foundin Brihat Jataka (Ch. I), Saravali (Ch. I, Sloka 27, Lagnachandika (Ch. I, Sloka 6),Jataka Tatwa (Ch. I, Rule 27 and Jataka Parijata (Ch. I). Thus from these references,only the 5
th
and the 9
th
are called Konas and Tanu Bhava is not.Vyaya Bhava is called, as Rippha, Lopa (void) and Vyaya (loss), while Dhan Bhava istermed, as Vitta (wealth), Kutumba (family), Vak (speech) and Magala(auspiciousness).Randhr Nidhana (death), Vinasa (destruction) and Dukh (grief) are the otheridentifications of Randhr Bhava. All the names Riksha, Bhava, Kshetra, R
as
i mean oneand the same thing.
Notes
. Bhav also means R
as
i (Brihat Jataka, Ch. I, Sloka 6).Udaya (rising), Prag Lagn (the point rising in the east), Lekha and Hora are the othernames given to Lagna. The various names, as enumerated for the R
as
is are given by theancient preceptors.

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