blessing, or sanctityupon the believer who participates in it, or a tangible symbol which
represents an intangible reality. As defined above, an example would be baptismin water,representing (and conveying) thegrace of the gift of theHoly Spirit, theForgiveness of
Sins, and membership into theChurch. Anointing withholy anointing oilis another
example which is often synonymous with receiving theHoly Spiritand salvation asexplicitly described in Mark 1:14-15. Another way of looking at Sacraments is that theyare an external and physical sign of the conferral of Sanctifying Grace.
Throughout the Christian faith views concerning which rites are sacramental, that isconferringsanctifying grace,and what it means for an external act to be sacramental vary
widely. Other religious traditions also have what might be called "sacraments" in a sense,though not necessarily according to the Christian meaning of the term.
, derived from Greek
, alone) is thereligiouspractice in which one renounces worldlypursuits in order to fully devote one's
life to spiritual work. The origin of the word is fromAncient Greek , and the idea wasoriginally related to Christianmonks.In theChristian tradition,those pursuing a monastic life are usually called
if female. Both monks and nuns may also be called
. Some other religions also include what could be described as"monastic" elements, most notablyBuddhism, but alsoTaoism,Hinduism, andJainism,
though the expressions differ considerably.
Unlike "families" or "federations" of Churches formed through the grant of mutualrecognition by distinct ecclesial bodies,
the Catholic Church considers itself a singleChurch ("one Body") composed of a multitude of particular Churches, each of which, asstated, is an embodiment of the fullness of the one Catholic Church. For the particular Churches within the Catholic Church, whether autonomous ritual churches (e.g., CopticCatholic Church, Melkite Catholic Church, Armenian Catholic Church, etc.) or dioceses(e.g., Diocese of Birmingham, Archdiocese of Chicago, etc.), are seen as not simply branches, divisions or sections of a larger body. Theologically, each is considered to bethe embodiment in a particular place or for a particular community of the one, wholeCatholic Church. "It is in these and formed out of them that the one and unique CatholicChurch exists.